Keeb kwm ntawm Is Nrias teb

Keeb kwm ntawm Is Nrias teb
Keeb kwm ntawm Is Nrias teb

Laus Keeb kwm

Keeb kwm ntawm Is Nrias teb
Keeb kwm ntawm Is Nrias teb

Is Nrias teb tus keeb kwm thiab kab lis kev cai yog dynamic, kis tus kab mob dua rov qab mus rau qhov pib ntawm tib neeg kev kawm. Nws pib nrog ib tug baffling haiv neeg along the Indus River and in cultivating networks in the southern grounds of India. Lub keeb kwm backdrop ntawm Is Nrias teb yog punctuated los ntawm lub zoo ib yam reconciliation ntawm tsiv neeg nrog rau ntau yam societies uas encompass Is Nrias teb. Yoojyim pov thawj xav tias cov siv hlau, tooj liab thiab txawv co yog Benefit pervasive nyob rau hauv lub Indian sub-landmass ntawm ib tug genuinely sij hawm thaum ntxov, uas yog demonstrative ntawm lub advancement hais tias qhov no daim ntawm lub ntiaj teb no tau ua. Ua ntej lub finish ntawm lub plaub txhiab xyoo BC, Is Nrias teb tau sawv li ib thaj tsam ntawm heev tsim tib neeg kev kawm.

Lub Indus Valley Civilization

Keeb kwm ntawm Is Nrias teb
Keeb kwm ntawm Is Nrias teb

Cov Keeb kwm ntawm Is Nrias teb pib nrog cov kev taw qhia ntawm cov Indus Valley Civilization, tag nrho cov ntau kom raug lub npe hu ua Harappan Civilization. Nws prospered nyob ib ncig ntawm 2,500 BC, nyob rau hauv lub sab hnub poob daim South Asia, dab tsi niaj hnub no yog Pakistan thiab Western Is Nrias teb. Lub Indus Valley yog lub tsev mus rau lub biggest ntawm cov plaub antiquated nroog tib neeg txaav ntawm tim lyiv teb chaws, Mesopotamia, Is Nrias teb, thiab Tuam Tshoj. Tsis muaj dab tsi twb xav txog qhov no kawm txog cov 1920 los thaum lub archeological Department ntawm Is Nrias teb tiav unearthings nyob rau hauv lub Indus hav nyob rau qhov seem ntawm tus ob tug laus nroog zej zog, viz. Mohenjodaro thiab Harappa tau uncovered. Lub remnants ntawm lug thiab tej yam txawv zoo li tsev neeg unit khoom, riam phom ua tsov ua rog, kub thiab nyiaj adornments, cov ntsaws ruaj ruaj, cov khoom ua si, ceramics khoom, thiab li ntawd., qhia tau hais tias raws nraim plaub mus rau 5,000 xyoo ua ntej ib tug kws tsim Civilization thrived nyob rau hauv no locale.

Lub Indus hav kawm yog yeej tseem zoo ib lub tib neeg nce tau qib thiab cov pejxeem nyob rau hauv zoo-cov txheej txheem thiab zoo-dho zos, uas tau ntxiv cov chaw rau kev sib pauv. Cov seem ntawm Mohenjodaro thiab Harappa qhia tias cov no twb radiant shipper nroog zej zog nyob ib ncig ntawm cov txheej txheem, txawj nteg, thiab heev npaum li cas los xyuas. Lawv muaj ntau txoj kev thiab ib tug zoo-tsim pov tseg moj khaum. Lub tsev twb ua los ntawm rhuab blocks thiab muaj tsawg kawg ob zaj dab neeg.

Keeb kwm ntawm Is Nrias teb
Keeb kwm ntawm Is Nrias teb

Cov kws humanized Harappans paub lub tshwj xeeb ntawm cov oats, thiab hom qoob mog thiab grain muaj lawv staple sustenance. Lawv noj zaub thiab khoom noj zus los ntawm cov av yaj, nqaij npuas thiab qe heev. Pom zoo qhia hais tias lawv coj qhws paj rwb li woolen cov khoom ntawm cov khaub ncaws. los ntawm 1500 BC, lub Harappan kab lis kev cai tuaj txog nyob rau ntawm ib kawg. Cov yam ua ntaus nqi mus rau rot ntawm Indus Valley Civilization yog cov quas ntus dej nyab thiab lwm yam kev ua zoo li seismic co, thiab thiaj li tawm.

Vedic Civilization

Keeb kwm ntawm Is Nrias teb
Keeb kwm ntawm Is Nrias teb

Lub Vedic kev kawm yog lub feem ntau raws sijhawm txoj kev loj hlob puas tau ntawm Is Nrias teb. Nws yog hu ua tom qab lub Vedas, rau hauv thaum ntxov sau ntawv ntawm cov Hindu neeg. Lub Vedic Civilization thrived raws kwj Saraswati, nyob rau hauv koog tsev kawm ntawv uas tam sim no muaj ntawm lub tej ntug Indian tej yam kev mob ntawm Haryana thiab Punjab. Vedic yog synonymous nrog Hinduism, uas yog ib lub npe rau cov kev cai dab qhuas thiab otherworldly tswv yim uas muaj ntau ntawm cov Vedas.

Keeb kwm ntawm Is Nrias teb

Lub Ramayana thiab Mahabharata yog cov ob extraordinary legends ntawm no lub sij hawm.

Cov Buddhist Era

Keeb kwm ntawm Is Nrias teb
Keeb kwm ntawm Is Nrias teb

Thaum lub sij hawm lub hav zoov lub sij hawm ntawm Tswv Gautam hauj sam, kaum zoo kawg rog (Mahajanpadas) muaj nyob rau hauv lub xya thiab nruab nrab-thib rau lub ntau pua xyoo BC. Ntawm cov tseem ceeb tshaj republics yog cov Sakyas ntawm Kapilavastu thiab cov Licchavis ntawm Vaishali.

Alexander tus ntxeem tau

Keeb kwm ntawm Is Nrias teb
Keeb kwm ntawm Is Nrias teb

Nyob rau hauv 326 BC, Alexander rov Is Nrias teb, tom ntej rau cov kev tshuam ntawm lub waterway Indus nws loj ntawm Taxila. Nws nyob rau ntawm tus taw tes kuaj tus tswv Porus, thawj coj ntawm lub nceeg vaj ntawm lub ntws Jhelum thiab Chenab. Cov Khab raug crushed nyob rau hauv lub furious sib ntaus, txawm lub fact tias lawv ua rog nrog ntxhw, uas tus Macedonians muaj tsis tau muaj lwm lub sij hawm pom. Alexander ntes tau Porus thiab, zoo ib yam li tom ntej no cov neeg zej zog rulers nws tau crushed, enabled rau nws kom nyob muab nws sau.

Gupta Dynasty

Keeb kwm ntawm Is Nrias teb
Keeb kwm ntawm Is Nrias teb

Tom qab lub Kushanas, lub Guptas yog cov tseem ceeb tshaj plaws thawj coj. Lub Gupta lub sij hawm ncej tau portrayed raws li lub Golden muaj hnub nyoog ntawm Indian keeb kwm. Cov feem ntau ua kev zoo siab tus tswv ntawm lub Gupta kev lig kev cai yog Ghatotkacha tus me nyuam Chandragupta kuv. Nws wedded Kumaradevi, tus me nyuam ntxhais ntawm lub taub hau ntawm lub Licchavis. Qhov no kev sib yuav yog ib tug defining lub sij hawm ntawd nyob rau hauv lub neej ntawm Chandragupta kuv. Nws tau txais Pataliputra nyob rau hauv kev sib koom los ntawm cov Lichhavis. Los ntawm Pataliputra, nws tsim lub moj khaum ntawm nws realm thiab pib kov yeej ntau neighboring lub xeev nrog rau cov kev pab ntawm lub Licchavis. Nws tswj tshaj Magadha (Bihar), Prayag thiab dua (sab hnub tuaj Uttar Pradesh). Nws lub nceeg vaj ncav us txog tawm los ntawm lub waterway Ganges rau Allahabad. Chandragupta kuv ntxiv tau lub title ntawm Maharajadhiraja (King ntawm Vaj) thiab kav rau ib ncig kaum tsib xyoos.

Harshavardhana

Keeb kwm ntawm Is Nrias teb
Keeb kwm ntawm Is Nrias teb

Nrog rau cov pib ntawm lub xya xyoo pua, Harshavardhana (606-647 A.D.) sawv lub sam xeeb txoj hauj lwm ntawm Thaneshwar thiab Kannauj rau lub demise ntawm nws cov nus muag, Hriajyvrdhn. los ntawm 612 Harshavardhana merged nws lub nceeg vaj nyob rau hauv sab qaum teb Is Nrias teb.

Nyob rau hauv 620 A.D. Harshavardhana rog tau lub Chalukya nceeg vaj nyob rau hauv lub Deccan, uas yog ces tshuaj los ntawm Pulakesin II. Yuav hais tias ua nws yuav, lub Chalukya txheem pom huab rau Harshavardhana thiab nws twb vanquished. Harshavardhana yog notable rau nws kev cai dab qhuas toleration, muaj peev xwm koom haum, thiab xaiv yaam kev sib raug zoo. Nws cia discretionary kev sib raug zoo nrog rau Tuam Tshoj thiab xa cov neeg ua hauj, uas hloov pauv kev xav ntawm Suav rulers thiab ua li lawv pom txog ib leeg.

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