Keeb kwm ntawm Pakistan nyob rau hauv lus Askiv

Keeb kwm ntawm Pakistan nyob rau hauv lus Askiv
Keeb kwm ntawm Pakistan nyob rau hauv lus Askiv
Keeb kwm ntawm Pakistan nyob rau hauv lus Askiv
Keeb kwm ntawm Pakistan nyob rau hauv lus Askiv
Keeb kwm ntawm Pakistan nyob rau hauv lus Askiv
Keeb kwm ntawm Pakistan nyob rau hauv lus Askiv

Dr. Allama Muhammad Iqbal txaus ntawm cov Muslim miv neeg uas tshuav ib tug nyhuv no: ntawm keeb kwm. Nws mob siab Muslims ntawm lub Sub-av thiab yav tag los. Nws tov ib tug tsiv plig thiab cov ua cim nyob rau hauv lub Indian Muslims. Nws tso tawm kom pom ib tug system ntawm lawv cov nom tswv yav tom ntej thiab tham nyob rau hauv yuav ua li cas uas yuav ua kom tiav rau lub hom phiaj ntawm Ummah. Nws tso tawm kom pom ib tug npau suav thiab npau suav nyob rau hauv nws Allahabad

chaw nyob.

Round Table sablaj (1930-1932):

Keeb kwm ntawm Pakistan nyob rau hauv lus Askiv
Keeb kwm ntawm Pakistan nyob rau hauv lus Askiv

Raws li cov Muslim cov chav kawm ntawv thiab Congress tso tseg Simon Thov, lub British tsoom fwv tau xaiv los ua zoo siab txais tos Indian cov thawj coj rau ib tug tham txog lub neej yav tom ntej cov kevcai tswj ntawm Is Nrias teb. Peb zaug ntawm no sib sau ua ke tau tuav.

  • Thawj Round Table sablaj (Kaum ib hlis 1930 rau Lub ib hlis ntuj 1931)
  • Ob txhais Round Table sablaj (Cuaj hlis 1931 rau hlis ntuj nqeg 1931)
  • Peb Round Table sablaj (Kaum ib hlis 1932 rau hlis ntuj nqeg 1932)

Muslims twb hais los ntawm Quaid-e-Azam thiab Allama Iqbal cov ntau yam tseem ceeb Muslim pioneer. Tag nrho cov Muslim kev txaus siab nrog rau cais electorates tau contradicted los ntawm Hindus.

Tom qab lub Ob txhais Round Table sablaj, lub discoveries thiab tswv yim ntawm lub British tsoom fwv tau npaj inta ib tug “collective puav pheej” thiab tau tshaj tawm hais tias nyob rau hauv Lub yim hli ntuj 1932.

Lub Communal puav pheej, Lub yim hli ntuj 1932:

Lub taub hau khiav dej num Ramsay MacDonald tshaj tawm hais tias lub Communal puav pheej:

  • The separate electorate for all minorities of India.
  • Weightage to minorities
  • No Muslim greater parts in Punjab and Bengal as was followed in Lucknow Pact
  • 33% portrayal for Muslims in Central lawmaking body
  • One-fourth portrayal for Muslims in administrations
  • Sind to be made a territory

Poona Pact, Cuaj hlis 1932:

Cov Congress tshwm khoom teb tiv thaiv lub cib fim ntawm cov discrete electorate mus rau lub Indian minorities, tshwj xeeb rau cov uas tsis-qib Hindus uas Gandhi npe Harijan (Vajtswv cov me nyuam).

Disharmony hauv Gandhi yog mas hais tias nws saib sai sai rau demise rau lub cib fim mus rau lub 'Vajtswv cov me nyuam.’ Ib tug concurrence nrog tsawg txoj hauj lwm kom muab tau qhov sib txawv electorate txoj cai tau ua tiav lawm mus txog spare Gandhi lub neej.

Administration ntawm Is Nrias teb Act 1935:

Nyob rau hauv lub teeb ntawm lub Communal puav pheej, lub British tsoom fwv ua voj voog ncig tus tiv thaiv daim nqi thiab tau nws ploj mus los ntawm lub Parliament nyob rau hauv Lub ob hlis ntuj 1935. Txoj cai lub npe hu ua tsoom fwv ntawm Is Nrias teb Act muaj ob tug seem. Qhov loj tshaj plaws txog tus Act yog hais tias nws muaj ib tug tsoom fwv ua cim. Indian cov cheeb tsam tau muab ib tug paub tab paub xav kev ntsuas ntawm yus tus kheej-kev coj. Txoj cai tuaj mus rau hauv hwj chim nyob rau hauv lub Plaub Hlis 1937.

Asxis (1937):

Cov haiv neeg ntawm 1937 twb muaj nrog lub tsawg lag luam thiab cais electorate. Cov Congress xav nws tus kheej raws li ib tug tag nrho-Is Nrias teb hwj chim hais lus rau tag nrho cov kev ntseeg thiab cov pab pawg ntawm cov pej xeem. Cov Muslim League sib tw rau cov Muslim rooj. Muaj yog ib qho kev mob siab heev sib tw los ntawm lwm yam Muslim koom haum ua teb. Cov haiv neeg twb tiav nyob rau hauv Lub ob hlis ntuj 1937. Congress tau txais loj qhov chaw nyob rau hauv tsib cheeb tsam, Madras, U.P., C.P., Bihar, thiab Orissa. Nws tsim raws li lub biggest

tog nyob rau hauv Bombay thiab yeej 704 tawm ntawm 1585 nkaag rua cov rooj. Cov Muslim League ua ineffectively nyob rau hauv cov kev txiav txim thiab tau txais uniquely nyob ib ncig ntawm 21 feem pua ​​ntawm cov Muslim

rooj tsis winning lub hom feem anyplace, Bengal, Punjab, NWFP, thiab Sind. Nws yog feem ntau vim hais tias ntawm lub pov tej teeb meem thiab kuj los ntawm nyob ze Muslim gatherings.

Kev loj hlob ntawm Provincial Governments:

Nyob rau hauv Lub Xya hli ntuj 1937, Congress framed tsoom fwv nyob rau hauv 6 chaw. Nyob rau hauv NWFP, Khudai Khidmatgar thiab

Congress framed ib tug alliance tsoom fwv. Nyob rau hauv lub Muslim hom feem cheeb tsam, lub Muslim League

yuav tsis xwm lub legislatures. Cov Muslim League xav mus yuav nyob rau hauv tsoom fwv nyob rau hauv lub U.P. tsis tau

lub Congress pom zoo rau ib tug muaj kev txwv kev pab:

  • Break up AIML Parliamentary Board
  • AIML individuals not to work as a different gathering
  • AIML individuals to express devotion to the Congress

Indisputable yav tas los hais cov lus kuj yog ib tug gadget mus subvert hauv lub xub ntiag ntawm lub Muslim

Association. Nrog cov kab, tsis muaj kev nkag yog conceivable rau qhov teeb meem no.

Congress txoj cai (1937-1939):

Congress tswj hwm loj. Lub sij hawm twb tsa nrog nom tswv debasement thiab kev tsim txom ntawm lub sib sau ua ke tshaj lub koom haum saib xyuas. Muslim understudies twb muaj tsis muaj caij nyoog mus nrhiav tau tawm txog lawv lub keeb kwm, kab lis kev cai, thiab kev ntseeg. Muslims hais tias nws yog ib tug heev npaum li cas txiav txim thiab pre-txheej txheem ua kom yuam kev npaj rau ua kom tu siab lawv lub teb chaws tus. Notwithstanding no, ntawm kev me ntsis, hnyav ntsuas tau txais tiv thaiv cov enormous Muslim cov neeg pab pawg neeg.

Ob txhais ntiaj teb ua tsov ua rog (1939-1945):

Keeb kwm ntawm Pakistan nyob rau hauv lus Askiv
Keeb kwm ntawm Pakistan nyob rau hauv lus Askiv

Lub ntiaj teb ob twb pib nyob rau hauv 1939 thiab tau tiv dhau mus txog rau thaum 1945. Nws muaj lub teb chaws, xws li feem ntau ntawm cov rog, inevitably framing ob restricting tub rog collusions: tus phoojywg thiab cov Axis. Nws yog tus tshaj plaws nyob deb-xeeb tsov rog puas tau, uas muaj ntau tshaj 100 lab cov neeg, los ntawm ntau tshaj 30 cov haiv neeg, pab nyob rau hauv cov tub rog units. Hais ntxiv tau noj nyob rau hauv ob ntiaj teb ua tsov ua rog.

Lub acquiescence ntawm Congress Ministries (1939):

Emissary cov lus hais Is Nrias teb ntawm tsov rog nrog teb chaws Yelemees rau lub Cuaj Hli Ntuj 3, 1939. Cov Congress protested unequivocally rau cov nqe lus ua tsov ua rog tsis muaj ua ntej lawm sab laj nrog Khab. Cov Congress ua hauj lwm Committee npaj siab tias nws yuav koom yog hais tias muaj ib tug focal Indian lub teb chaws tsoom fwv zoo li tus, thiab ib tug luag hauj lwm ua mus Is Nrias teb tus autonomy tom qab tsov rog.

Emissary tsis yeem thov ntawm cov Congress. Nyob rau lub kaum hli ntuj 22nd, 1939, nws hu ua raws li tag nrho cov Congress cov kev pab rau me lawv renunciations. Ob viceroy thiab Muhammad Ali Jinnah twb txaus siab rau cov acquiescences. Nyob rau lub Kaum Ob Hlis 2, 1939, Jinnah muab tso tawm ib tug intrigue, hu xov tooj rau Indian Muslims mus soj ntsuam Hlis ntuj nqeg 22, 1939, raws li ib tug “Hnub ntawm Kev Cawm Dim” los ntawm Congress.

Lub Lahore Resolution (1940):

Cov Muslim League tuav nws txhua xyoo sib kho ntawm Lahore rau 22-24 Lub peb hlis ntuj 1940. Lub Lahore Resolution twb tsiv los ntawm Maulvi Fazlul Haq thiab kev txhawb los ntawm Ch. Khaliquzzaman uas thaum kawg pom zoo rau lub peb hlis ntuj 24, 1940. Jinnah tsim nyog tshwm nws muaj txiaj ntsim cov lus hais txog cov nom tswv tej yam kev mob ntawm Is Nrias teb thiab cov Muslims sawv. nws tau hais: “Indian qhov teeb meem yog tsis ntau tiam sis thoob ntiaj teb. Tsis Constitution yuav ua hauj lwm tsis muaj perceiving no muaj tiag. Muslims ntawm Is Nrias teb yuav tsis lees paub ib tug Constitution uas ua tau ib tug thawj coj ntawm lub Hindu tsov ntxhuav feem rau lawv. Nyob rau hauv tawm sij hawm uas Hindus thiab Muslims yog teem nyob rau hauv ib tug tib yam moj khaum, qhov no yuav txhais li cas Hindu Raj.”

Tom qab ntawd tsim:

Ntiaj teb ua tsov ua rog II pib nyob rau hauv 1939 uas yuav tsum tau quaj tawv heev cov txiv neej fueled tsov rog cheeb tsam. Lub British uas li qhia siv kuj muab Tshuag nyob rau hauv bartering tshaj tawm hais tias ib lub tswv yim nyob rau hauv lub yim hli ntuj 1940 nrog rau cov nram qab no thawj cov ntsiab lus:

  • Extension of the Viceroy’s Executive Council and the setting up of National Defense Council
  • Extraordinary significance to the perspectives on minorities in the correction of the constitution.
  • Power couldn’t be moved under a framework that won’t be adequate to huge and incredible minorities in India.
  • Territory Status: ib tug tseem lub hom phiaj
  • Participation of Indians for the war

Congress tsis lees paub nws thiab pib Tsis-koom tes txoj kev loj hlob 1940-41. Lahore Resolution tseem ib tug tseem lub hom phiaj rau cov Muslim Pob.

Lub Cripps Thov (1942):

Keeb kwm ntawm Pakistan nyob rau hauv lus Askiv
Keeb kwm ntawm Pakistan nyob rau hauv lus Askiv

Lub Cripps lub hom phiaj yog ib tug endeavor nyob rau hauv lig Lub peb hlis ntuj 1942 los ntawm lub British tsoom fwv los mus soj ntsuam xyuas tag nrho Indian kev sib koom tes thiab thim rau lawv endeavors nyob rau hauv lub ntiaj teb no ua tsov ua rog II. Lub hom phiaj yog yuav mus los ntawm Sir Stafford Cripps. Cripps twb raug xa los npaj ib tug concurrence nrog lub patriot chiefs Gandhi sawv cev rau lub Hindus thiab Muhammad Ali Jinnah rau cov Muslims, uas yuav Is Nrias teb ncaj ncees rau lub British tsov rog tom nyob rau hauv rov qab rau ib tug guarantee ntawm tag nrho cov nws tus kheej-tsoom fwv tom qab tsov rog. Cripps tham txog lub taub Tawvv nrog lub Indian chiefs thiab faib lawv. Ob lub tiag tiag gatherings, lub Congress thiab lub League tso nws cov tswv yim thiab lub hom phiaj pom ib tug chim siab.

Tsis txhob khej Movement (1942):

Nres khej txoj kev loj hlob yog ib tug ntau insubordination txoj kev loj hlob propelled nyob rau hauv Is Nrias teb nyob rau hauv lub yim hli ntuj 1942 nyob rau hauv lub teeb ntawm Mohandas Gandhi txoj kev hu rau txoj kev ywj pheej. Congress Committee tshaj tawm hais tias ib tug loj kev sib tw thov dab tsi Gandhi hu ua “ib tug methodical British ntsoos ntsoos” ntawm Is Nrias teb. Lub British tau teem ua. Ze li ntawm tag nrho cov Congress thawj coj, thiab tsis raws nraim ntawm lub teb chaws theem, twb detained tsis muaj yam ua ntej hauv lub sij hawm tom qab Gandhi tus discourse-thaum twg tus nqi 60,000 cov tib neeg. Feem ntau cov siv qhov seem ntawm tsov rog nyob rau hauv lub tsev kaw neeg thiab tawm ntawm kev sib cuag nrog rau feem ntau. Lub British muaj cov kev pab los ntawm lub viceroy lub Council (uas muaj ib tug tsov ntxhuav feem ntawm Khab), ntawm cov Muslims, lub Communist tog, muaj koob muaj npe expresses, lub Imperial thiab lub xeev cov tub ceev xwm, lub Indian Army, thiab cov Indian Civil Service. Lub British yuav tsis muab ceev txoj kev ywj pheej, hais tias nws yuav tshwm sim tsuas tom qab tsov rog tas.

Nres khej txoj kev loj hlob fizzled muab ua tau txawv txawv txhaum, txhais kom sib haum thiab cov uas tsis muaj ib qho cuab kev pab cuam ntawm kev ua si. Nyob rau hauv txhua rooj plaub, lub British tsoom fwv to taub hais tias Is Nrias teb yog ungovernable tshaj qhov ntev log.

Jinnah / Ghandhi Hais lus (1944):

Keeb kwm ntawm Pakistan nyob rau hauv lus Askiv
Keeb kwm ntawm Pakistan nyob rau hauv lus Askiv

Lub Gandhi-Jinnah hais lus pib nyob rau hauv Bombay rau Cuaj hlis 19, 1944, thiab khaws cia mus txog lub 24th ntawm lub hlis. Cov kev sib tham tau tuav straightforwardly thiab los ntawm kev yeem. Nyob rau Lub Xya hli ntuj 17, 1944, Gandhi muaj ib tsab ntawv mus Quaid-e-Azam nyob rau hauv uas nws tshwm rau nws yees kom tau raws li nws thiab tuav converses nrog nws nyob rau qhov kev kawm ntawm cov Muslim thov thiab lub neej yav tom ntej kev nom kev tswv moj khaum uas tau raug teem nyob rau hauv Is Nrias teb nyob rau hauv lub wake ntawm nce British takeoff. Shockingly cov kev npaj tiav tsis muaj kev nkag siab. Jinnah tsis saib tsis xyuas kom koj yaum tau Gandhi uas Muslims yog ib tug txawv teb chaws thiab hais tias cov Muslim kev txaus siab rau cov neeg sab nraud lub teb chaws depended rau ntawm “lub cib fim ntawm nws tus kheej-kev ruaj siab raws li ib tug lub teb chaws thiab tsis yog raws li ib cheeb tsam tsev”.Gandhi demanded tias kom cov Muslim League yuav tsum tuav tes nrog tus Congress unequivocally rau hauv nws cov sib ntaus sib tua tiv thaiv rau autonomy lub British. Jinnah sib cav hais tias qhov teeb meem ntawm cov Muslims’ autonomous lub teb chaws yuav tsum tau xaiv ua ntej lub British tawm Is Nrias teb. Jinnah Gandhi tus hais lus tas nyob rau hauv kev chim siab.

Lub Wavell Plan thiab Simla sablaj (1945):

Keeb kwm ntawm Pakistan nyob rau hauv lus Askiv
Keeb kwm ntawm Pakistan nyob rau hauv lus Askiv

Lub Simla sablaj yog ib tug 1945 sib sau ua ke ntawm viceroy Wavell thiab lub loj nom tswv tho kev ntawm Is Nrias teb ntawm Simla. Sau rau concur rau thiab qhia tau hais tias Wavell Plan rau Indian self-tsoom fwv, nws tiav ib tug tej zaum to taub rau tuag yeej ntawm Is Nrias teb uas muab cais portrayal rau Muslims thiab poob tsov ntxhuav feem powers rau ob tes hauj lwm nyob rau hauv lawv tsov ntxhuav feem cheeb tsam tsev.

Quaid-kuv-Azam hais rau Muslim League thiab Congress muab Maulana Abul Kalam Azad raws li nws cov neeg sawv cev. Lub hom phiaj ntawm xa Maulana Azad yog muab cov lus rau lub ntiaj teb no uas Congress zoo li no hais mus rau lub Muslims. Hais lus slowed down, yuav hais tias ua nws yuav, nyob rau hauv qhov teeb meem ntawm kev txiav txim ntawm Muslim delegates. Sim mus sab laj rau nws tus kheej thiab nws cov ntaub ntawv mus yuav tus ib neeg sawv cev ntawm Indian Muslims, lub Muslim League thiab nws cov pioneer Muhammad Ali Jinnah yuav tsis rov qab tej kev kho nyob rau lub Indian National Congress, lub predominant tog nyob rau hauv kev sib tham, xaiv Muslim delegates. Qhov no tso tseg qhov uas tuaj txoos, thiab tej zaum kawg tsim nyog qhib qhov rooj rau ib tug unified, free Is Nrias teb. Nrog rau cov kab, Wavell lub hom phiaj thiab Simla sablaj tsoo nyob rau hauv kev chim siab.

Asxis (1946):

Cov ML tus muag zaub yog tseeb piv txwv li cov ML yog ib tug tib neeg uas sawv cev ntawm cov Muslims thiab Pakistan yog nws tseem lub hom phiaj. Cov ML propelled lub enormous sib ntaus sib tua rau cov hom phiaj. Lub Islamic trademarks muab tau zoo heev nto moo. Nrog cov kab, lub sib ntaus sib tua rau lub hauv paus ntawm Pakistan twb spurred raws li nyob rau hauv Islam. Cov hauj lwm ntawm understudies yog ntxiv unmistakable thaum lub sij hawm cov nom tswv tsav. Mam li rov, Congress muab cov trademark ntawm txoj kev ywj pheej los ntawm cov British nyob rau hauv tus duab

ntawm koom Is Nrias teb ua ntej lub Hindu lub teb chaws. Lawv hais tias lawv kev muag zaub yog rau tag nrho cov Indian cov neeg pab pawg neeg.

Nyob rau hauv lub Kaum Ob Hlis 1945 cov kev txiav txim ntawm Central Legislature tau tuav thiab lub ML yeej txhua yam ntawm tus 30 Muslim rooj. Cov Congress yeej 57 rooj.

ib yam kev xaiv tsa: Lub ob hlis ntuj 1946:

Nyob rau hauv lub commonplace kev txiav txim siab, lub ML yeej feem ntau ntawm cov Muslim cov rooj zaum:

  • Punjab: 79 tawm ntawm 86 Muslim rooj
  • Bengal 113 tawm ntawm 119 Muslim rooj
  • Sindh 28 tawm ntawm 35 Muslim rooj
  • NWFP 17 tawm ntawm 38 Muslim rooj

Lub ML ntxiv pom ib tug amazing kev nthuav qhia nyob rau hauv lub Muslim haiv neeg tsawg cheeb tsam. Lub ML framed nws kev pab cuam nyob rau hauv Sind, Khudai Khidmatgar (Dr. Khan) nyob rau hauv NWFP, alliance tsoom fwv los ntawm ML nyob rau hauv Bengal, thiab unionist (20), Akalis thiab cov Congress nyob rau hauv Punjab (Khizr Hayat Tiwana).

Lub Txee hom phiaj (1946):

Keeb kwm ntawm Pakistan nyob rau hauv lus Askiv
Keeb kwm ntawm Pakistan nyob rau hauv lus Askiv

Nyob rau hauv lub peb hlis ntuj 1946, lub British tsoom fwv xa peb senior neeg los ntawm lub British txee raws li ib lub xeem endeavor los tiv thaiv cov solidarity ntawm Indian federation. Lub hom phiaj yog muab tej txiaj ntsim nrog cov puab hauj lwm ntawm tsis tau zoo ib tug hais nruab nrab ntawm lub Congress thiab cov Muslim League. Cov tib neeg los ntawm lub hom phiaj nais maum kuaj teeb meem uas muaj los tso rau Congress thiab Muslim cov thawj coj.

Muab los ntawm lub hom phiaj cov neeg mus rau lub pioneers ntawm ob tsov ntxhuav feem gatherings tau muab cia rau hauv ib tug neeg twg kev vam meej. Nyob rau hauv Tej zaum 1946, lub txee lub hom phiaj qhia nws kho nrog lub ntsiab lus hais tias lub taub Tawvv yog conclusive thiab yuav tsis raug hloov los sis sab laj thaum. Lub ob noteworthy Indian ideological pawg raug tso cai rau lees paub los yog tsis quav ntsej ua Plan tag nrho cov nyob rau hauv tag nrho cov.

Lub Peb hli ntuj Plan (1947):

Lub British Parliament tsim ib tug hneev taw nyob rau hauv lub Parliament tshaj tawm Is Nrias teb yuav tau muab txoj kev ywj pheej los ntawm thib nees nkaum ob hlis ntuj 1948. Viceroy Wavell twb supplanted nrog Mountbatten. Tus tshiab emissary tuaj txog rau ntawm Indian av nyob rau Lub peb hlis ntuj 22nd, 1947. Nws twb muab tej txiaj ntsim nrog ib lub hom phiaj los mus ua kom ib tug nyob ntsiag to pauv ntawm kev siv los ntawm cov British mus rau lub Indian ob txhais tes. Ib tug kev kho tau xaus lus nyob rau hauv lub xeev kev sib tham nyob rau hnub tim 1947 thiab ces muab xa mus rau teb chaws Aas Kiv nyob rau hauv Tej zaum qhov twg lub British tsoom fwv pom zoo nws

Mountbatten rov qab los ntawm London on May 31, thiab nyob rau lub rau hli ntuj 2 tau ntsib xya Indian cov tho kev. Cov no yog Nehru, Patel, Kriplalani, Quaid-e-Azam, Liaquat, Nishtar thiab Baldev Singh. Tom qab no cov tho kev pom zoo lub arrangement, Mountbatten nais maum kuaj nws nrog Gandhi thiab ntxias kom nws hais tias nws yog qhov zoo tshaj plaws kev kho nyob rau hauv lub teeb ntawm qhov tam sim no qhov teeb meem. Cov kev kho tau ua qhib rau hli ntuj 3 thiab yog nyob rau hauv no txoj kev lub npe hu ua lub rau hli ntuj thib peb Plan.

Los txog tom ntej no twb thawj provisos ntawm no Plan:

  • Lub British yuav tsis yuam ib tug Constitution tsis tau lub Constituent los ua ke yuav qhia ib tug Constitution.
  • Cov kevcai tswj yuav tsis tau yuam rau cov aav uas tsis lees paub nws. Sentiment yuav
  • ntsia rau ntawm lawv yog hais tias lawv yuav tsum tau teem ib tug txawv CA (num ua ke).
  • Punjab thiab Bengal sibtham yuav tau raws li nyob rau hauv ob nqe lus, cov tib neeg los ntawm Muslim hom feem
  • ib cheeb tsam thiab sib txawv locales ntawm nws tus kheej rau xaiv yog hais tias thaj av ntawd yog muab faib.
  • Yog hais tias muaj ib feem xaiv rau ib tug parcel, txhua sib sau ua ke yuav xaiv uas CA lawv xav mus koom.
  • Sind los ua ke yuav xaiv mus koom tog.
  • Referendum nyob rau hauv NWFP
  • Balochistan: haum zoo
  • Ciam Commission kev Punjab thiab Bengal
  • Princely lub xeev xaiv rau lawv tus kheej kom nyob rau hauv saib lawv geological contiguity.

Indian Independence Act (1947):

Lub British tsoom fwv dhau qhov Indian Independence Act rau Lub Xya hli ntuj thib kaum tsib, 1947. The Act reaffirmed the standards visualized in the Third June Plan. Mountbatten designated a Boundary Commission headed by Cyril Radcliff for the division of limits in the Punjab and Bengal. The Boundary Award was finished and submitted to the Viceroy on tenth August and reported on the seventeenth August, three days after the formation of Pakistan. Ruler Mountbatten rolled out considerable improvements to the Award and denied Pakistan of certain Muslim dominant part territories in the areas of Punjab and Bengal

Arrangement of Pakistan (fourteenth August 1947):

Bengal and the Punjab congregations decided in favor of the parcel of their separate areas. Sindh Assembly and Balochistan Jirga chose to settle on Pakistan. A submission was held in the Northwest Frontier Province from sixth to seventeenth of July. The larger part of the voters was accounted for to have cast a ballot for Pakistan.

Keeb kwm ntawm Pakistan nyob rau hauv lus Askiv
Keeb kwm ntawm Pakistan nyob rau hauv lus Askiv

Mountbatten traveled to Karachi to move capacity to the recently made province of Pakistan on fourteenth August 1947. Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah was confirmed as the principal Governor-General of Pakistan. Liaquat Ali Khan took over as the principal Prime Minister. The domain of the territory of Pakistan was partitioned into two sections. These two sections are known as East Pakistan and West Pakistan were isolated from one another by about one thousand kilometers of Indian Land

h3 txog posts:

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *