Independence hnub sau ntawv hauv lub Central African koom pheej
pawg lwm haiv tib gatherings
Cov kev pej xeem ntawm lub Central African koom pheej sau los ntawm lub chasing thiab assembling timberland Pygmy neeg pawg, lub aka, rau lub xeev-shaping gatherings, piv txwv li, lub Zande thiab Niagara. Ua ntej lub nkag teb chaws ntawm Europeans nyob rau hauv lub lig thib kaum cuaj xyoo pua, refinements ntawm ntau cov rooj sib txoos yog heev kua. Muaj ntau cov tswv yim ntawm lawv tus kheej raws li cov neeg los ntawm ib tug ib pawg es tsis txhob ntawm ib tug ntau kim heev haiv neeg sib sau ua ke. Koom haum ua teb nrog cov neeg uas tham ntau yam dialects thiab muaj ntau haiv neeg kev coj ncua los ntawm yees pauv thiab intermarriage ua tsov ua rog thiab tsim txom.
Lub endeavors los ntawm frontier chairmen thiab ethnographers cais Central Africans rau hauv unequivocal haiv neeg gatherings tsis tau tau. nonetheless, Fabkis colonizers nce haiv neeg thiab lub xeev refinements nyob nrog lawv tej Central African kawm. Nqus ntawm populaces ntawm xws yav qab teb riverine neeg raws li cov Ngbaka (mbaka), Yakima, thiab Ubangi, lub Fabkis ua ib tug ntiaj teb no-chav kawm sib sau ua ke, uas sawv raws li ib tug hauv paus txawm txiav txim Rev rau tag nrho lub teb chaws thiab tau tuav feem ntau nom tswv txoj hauj lwm txij li thaum txoj kev ywj pheej. Provincial koom ua pab pawg muaj txhab rau unpredictability ntawm no nom tswv teb chaws. lwm yam, nonriverine Central Africans, uas yog undeniably nce ntau, tau yuav nyob rau hauv kev tsis nyiam qhov teeb meem thiab tau tseg coj txoj haujlwm ntawm txoj cai rau lawv tus kheej. Nyob rau hauv kev phem ntawm lub fact tias cov neeg nyob rau hauv lub teb chaws qaum teb cheeb tsam tsev tau nce progressively nom tswv hwj chim txij li thaum txoj kev ywj pheej, yav qab teb cov neeg pawg tseem nyob twj ywm ib tug tseem ceeb yua nyob rau hauv lub teb chaws uas tsoom fwv teeb meem.
Ib tug neeg tsawg ntawm Greek, Portuguese, thiab Yemeni tub txawj tub ntse yog kis ib ncig ntawm lub teb chaws, thiab ib tug me ntsis Fabkis pej xeem nyob rau hauv Bangui. Jewel cov tswv lag luam los ntawm thaj teb chaws Africa thiab Chad, traders los ntawm ntau African haiv neeg, thiab uas poob cev qhev los ntawm ze-by haiv neeg, piv txwv li, lub koom pheej ywj pheej ntawm cov Congo, zoo li no nyob rau hauv Bangui thiab cov hinterlands.
Focal Africans li ntawm tam sim no tham ntau assortment ntawm dialects, kuj muaj Baya (gbaya), band, word-, Sara, tsis hais lus, Kare, thiab Mandia. Fabkis thiab Sango yog cov nom dialects. Sango yog lub feem ntau lug siv lus hais los ntawm yuav luag cuaj-kaum ntawm lub pej xeem. Nws yog chiv cov lus ntawm ib tug neeg los ntawm cov Ubangi dej koog tsev kawm ntawv, Txawm li cas los, Christian xib fwb embraced, streamlined, thiab kis tau nws thaum lub sij hawm hauv lub 1940s thiab '50s rau lawv adherents tag nrho cov los ntawm lub teb chaws.
Kev cai dab qhuas
Nyob ib ncig ntawm plaub-fifths ntawm lub pej xeem pronounces Christianity; there is a sizable minority of unaffiliated Christians, while Roman Catholics, Protestants, and independents comprise the rest. Around one-tenth of the populace keeps on rehearsing customary religions. There is a developing number of Sunni Muslims. A little minority proclaims no religious connection.
Around three-fifths of the populace is provincial, dwelling basically in the southern and western pieces of the nation. The eastern and northeastern areas of the nation are less populated. Of the urban populace, a huge extent lives in Bangui. Other real towns are Berbérati, Bossangoa, and Bouar in the west, Bambari, and Bria in the focal fields, and Bangassou and Mobaye on the Ubangi
The Central African Republic is scantily populated. The populace development rate is high yet is balanced by the nation’s low populace thickness, the net progression of migrants, and the high newborn child death rate. More than two-fifths of the populace is younger than 15, and the future is under 50 years due to weakness conditions and benefits and insufficient sustenance appropriation.
Farming is the biggest segment and the premise of the Central African economy, contributing portion of the GDP and involving about four-fifths of the workforce; jewels and timber additionally add to the economy. Worldwide (for the most part French) capital commands the economy, yet the Central African Republic has attempted since autonomy to draw in capital and advancement monies from different nations, including Libya, Taiwan, China, Lub teb chaws Yelemees, and Japan. Under strain from the World Bank and International Monetary Fund (IMF) to turn around the development of government spending, change costs, empower a progressively open venture code, and give motivating forces to farming and ranger service, the Central African Republic submitted to a basic change program in 1986. During the 1990s the IMF requested further alterations, piv txwv li, debasing the CFA franc and privatizing different organizations—business banks and an oil circulation organization. As France has diminished its money related responsibilities to its previous states in Africa, the Central African Republic’s budgetary standing has crumbled.
During the 1990s a decrease in universal costs for money crops, the expanded expense of imports brought about by poor transportation into the nation, the kept sneaking of precious stones over the outskirt, and local political distress additionally stressed the economy. Most critical, yuav hais tias ua nws yuav, were debasement and budgetary fumble, which left the administration unfit to pay the compensations for the military and the open part. The subsequent political agitation proceeded into the 21st century.
Agribusiness, ranger service, and angling
Most Central Africans depend on cultivating their employments. Men clear the fields, while development is to a great extent the obligation of ladies, who develop cassava (manioc), corn (maize), pias, sorghum, mov, squashes, and peanuts (groundnuts) for their families’ utilization. Money yields, piv txwv li, cotton and espresso, presented by French ranch proprietors, are delivered to a great extent on little landholdings. The nation is for the most part independent in fundamental groceries, and rural expansion has been empowered by the legislature. The developing of vegetables for fare has additionally been upheld by the legislature. Albeit Central Africans have for quite a while developed sugarcane and oil palms on a little scale, the nation has recently attempted endeavors to develop the two harvests on huge, automated ranches.
The domesticated animal’s populace incorporates cows, sheep, tshis, pigs, and poultry, the greater part of which is kept for residential utilization. Lake raised tilapia and waterway fish likewise contribute generous measures of protein to the eating regimen. The tsetse fly lessens the zone wherein stock can be raised, however advancement projects to improve crowds and group relocations from Chad and Sudan keep on expanding the number of residential creatures in the nation. Tropical rainforest covers a huge piece of the Central African Republic, mostly in the southwest, and timber fares are a crucial wellspring of outside trade. Overwhelming dependence on worldwide products markets, nonetheless, has rendered the nation’s economy very helpless against value variances.
Assets and power
Arranged on a fruitful level and copious in water assets, the Central African Republic has impressive agrarian potential. It likewise has an abundance of mineral assets, including precious stones, which record for about portion of the nation’s all-out fare profit. Gold, uranium, iron metal, copper, and manganese are mined in littler amounts. The nation’s cascades are wellsprings of hydroelectric power, and dams situated on the Mbali Lim River northwest of Bangui produce around four-fifths of the nation’s power.
Despite the fact that empowered by multilateral guide offices to build its fares, the Central African Republic has additionally been feeling the squeeze to secure its regular assets. Both timber collecting and precious stone mining happen in areas that are likewise focused on high biodiversity. Clashes emitted during the 1990s—between different state offices, worldwide logging organizations, distinctive precious stone excavators, universal preservation associations, and Central African residents looking for work with logging organizations—over how best to both secure these assets and lift trades. In examination with neighboring Cameroon, the Central African Republic’s assembling segment (sawmills, distilleries, and material production lines) is little; it is additionally moved as a rule in or close Bangui. In spite of the nation’s abundance of water assets, regardless it needs oil imports to deliver vitality. Numerous sizable firms experienced misfortunes the plundering and obliteration that happened in the late 1990s; others have been wasteful or stopped task.
Money and exchange
The Central African Republic is an individual from Financial Cooperation in Central Africa (Coopération Financière en Afrique Centrale; CFA) and furthermore a functioning individual from the Central African Economic and Monetary Union (Communauté Économique et Monétaire de l’Afrique Centrale; CEMAC). The nation’s national bank, Banque des États de l’Afrique Centrale, issues the CFA franc. There are a few business banks that are somewhat French-claimed.
The administration has encountered sizable budgetary shortfalls since the mid-1980s. Bolstered by backup programs from the IMF, a direct budgetary guide from France, and help from different givers, the Central African government keeps on battling with the weight of a huge and frequently wasteful open segment. Outside speculation is hypothetically invited and supported by liberal conditions for remote speculators and help to the private division. Maybe a couple of non-French organizations have tried to put resources into the Central African Republic, nyob rau hauv txhua rooj plaub, since licenses are required for imports, and installments for imports from nations outside the Franc Zone are liable to trade control guidelines. The circumstance compounded start in the late 1990s when potential financial specialists were debilitated by the political and social changes in Bangui.
The Central African Republic depends intensely on its fares, of which the most significant are timber, jewels, cotton, and espresso. Belgium is the nation’s driving exchanging accomplice, purchasing a large portion of the precious stone fares. France is likewise a significant accomplice, buying a large portion of the espresso and tobacco delivered. China, Lub teb chaws Yelemees, and Saudi Arabia are other noteworthy exchanging accomplices. Imports incorporate staples, synthetics, apparatus and transport hardware, and oil. 1994 degrading of the CFA franc has made it amazingly hard for Central Africans to bear the cost of numerous pivotal imported products, including medication and diesel fuel.
Administrations, work, and tax assessment
Savagery and common agitation in the late 1990s and a lacking vehicle framework inside the nation have thwarted the travel industry, exacerbated by the constrained limit and poor administration of Bangui’s inns. Some select visits to major game save in the far north are under remote administration; passing trans-African undertakings are the main another real movement in the visitor segment.
The administration of the Central African Republic authoritatively perceives five worker’s organizations. The spending comprises generally of income from charges on pay, benefits, products, and administrations and from import obligations and expenses.
The Central African Republic keeps up a little military, which incorporates armed forces, aviation based armed forces, and paramilitary powers. French troops were pulled back from the nation in 1997 and were supplanted by contingents sent by the United Nations Mission in the Central African Republic (Mission des Nations Unies en République Centrafricaine; MINORCA). MINORCA troops stayed in the nation from April 1998 until February 2000. Los ntawm tus taw tes rau pem hauv ntej, other global peacekeeping troops have served in the nation.
After resistance and the disintegration of the chosen government in 2013, the following insecurity elevated the requirement for peacekeeping troops in the nation. Nyob rau hauv lig 2013 France sent a peacekeeping power (Operation Sangaris), and the United Nations (UN) approved the African-drove International Support Mission to the Central African Republic (Mission Internationale de Soutien à la Centrafrique sous Conduite Africaine; MISCA). Nyob rau hauv lub Plaub Hlis 2014 the European Union (EU) additionally sent a little unforeseen of peacekeeping troops; they stayed in the nation for about a year. Another task, the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic (Mission Multidimensionnelle Intégrée des Nations Unies pour la Stabilization en République Centrafricaine; MINUSCA), subsumed MISCA and past UN missions; it ended up operational in September 2014. Task Sangaris finished its main goal and left the nation in 2016. Nyob rau hauv 2017, as frailty kept on plaguing the nation, lub UN txhab MINUSCA tus hais kom ua thiab pom zoo ib tug hlob nyob rau hauv lub hom phiaj lub ib pab tub rog ntau.
Watchmen Keeb kwm
Nyab zeeb thiab welfare
Rau txhua tus tib down rau lub ntiaj teb yog vim li cas, tsis muaj tej ntug tib neeg cov kev pab cuam ua hauj lwm muaj nyob sab nraum Bangui, uas nws tus kheej muaj ib tug noteworthy thaum muaj xwm ceev lub tsev kho mob, thiab ib tug ob peb txawv zos. Ua ntej ntau nyuaj siab ntxhov plawv uas tawm txim liab nyob rau hauv lig 2012, ntau yam kev kho mob cov chaw kuaj mob thiab cov chaw uas tau neeg ua hauj lwm thiab ua hauj lwm los ntawm xibhwb muab feem ntau zoo kawg xav kom cov neeg uas yuav hu rau lawv. Rau feem ntau Central Africans, yuav hais tias ua nws yuav, me ntsis yog muaj los ntawm lub tua kab mob npaj thiab deficiently neeg ua hauj lwm maternity chaw, dispensaries, thiab kev kho mob pab pib siv tau rau lawv nyob rau hauv lub farmland. tseeb, txawm cov kev kho mob lub chaw kho mob nyob rau hauv Bangui yog qab standard rau insignificant xav; ib co private chaw no puas siv tau rau cov neeg nplua nuj nyob rau hauv lub capital. Lub appropriation cov tshuaj yog incredibly puab muab lub tsis txaus tsheb thauj mus los moj khaum. Every one of these issues was exacerbated with the insecurity that started in late 2012 and endured in the next years, with few individuals approaching medicinal services. Intestinal sickness, infection, tuberculosis, dietary ailments, HIV/AIDS, and explicitly transmitted ailments are real wellbeing worries in the nation. The quantity of instances of resting infection is expanding.
During times with a working government, welfare benefits, including joblessness and maternity benefits, kid care stipends, and standardized savings, have been accessible to few governments and private-part representatives in the urban focuses, however the vast majority depend on their families and connection systems, networks, and companions for what little assistance they can acquire. The nation faces a developing number of destitute young people in Bangui and in the other enormous urban territories.
In Bangui just as other significant towns all through the nation, individuals habitually live in whitewashed, terminated mud-block homes with wooden-covered windows and aluminum rooftops. Lodging expect progressively fluctuated structures in the backwoods and in towns. The Aka, piv txwv li, live in little, one-room houses, which are made from adaptable branches and secured with expansive leaves from the timberland. Somewhere else in the southern piece of the nation, individuals may live in wattle-and-wipe houses with woven palm-frond rooftops. Other individuals, especially those living near wood organizations, nquag noj pov tseg ntawm cov laug cam los ntawm cov sawmills los tsim lawv cov tsev. Ntau nyob deb sab qaum teb ib ob peb cov neeg, piv txwv li, lub pana, nyob rau hauv round, av nkos-thaiv, ib chav tsev nrog nyom-them rooftops.
Nws yog ib qho nyuaj los xyuas seb qhov chaw lug yog “customary.” Rau ib txhia Central Africans, yuav tsum pa chaw lug twb yeej hais thaum lub sij hawm Fabkis frontier txoj cai. A few people guaranteed that they once lived in houses made of bark or in wattle-and-wipe developments however that they figured out how to make mud blocks from pioneer specialists.
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