Independence Day of Afghanistan

Independence Day of Afghanistan
Independence Day of Afghanistan
Independence Day of Afghanistan
Independence Day of Afghanistan

Afghan Independence hnub no commended nyob rau hauv Afghanistan rau 19 Lub yim hli ntuj mus nquam paj nquam nruas Anglo-Afghan Treaty ntawm 1919 thiab nyoo los ntawm secured lub xeev raws li txoj cai. Cov kev kho conceded ib tug tag nrho nonpartisan kev twb kev txuas nrog Afghanistan thiab teb chaws Aas Kiv. Afghanistan muab rau hauv ib tug British protectorate tom qab lawv tau crushed nyob rau hauv ob Anglo-Afghan ua tsov ua rog.

Independence Day of Afghanistan
Independence Day of Afghanistan

Thawj Anglo-Afghan ua tsov ua rog (1839-1842) sim hawm caij nyoog lub British hwj chim kev thiab muaj Kabul. Tom qab no, vim hais tias tseem ceeb yuam kev los ntawm Elphinstone, tag nrho cov British-tsav Indian nres lub hwj chim twb crushed los ntawm Afghan powers nyob rau hauv Akbar Khan chaw ntawm lub Kabul-Jalalabad Txoj kev, ze rau lub nroog ntawm Jalalabad. Tom qab no kev puas tsuaj, lub British-tsav powers tuaj rov qab mus rau Afghanistan rau ib tug tsis tshua muaj tshwm lub hom phiaj los tiv thaiv lawv cov detainees ua tsov ua rog (POWs) thiab ib pliag tom qab rho rov qab kom txog thaum rov qab thov yuav pib lub Ob txhais Anglo-Afghan ua tsov ua rog.

Independence Day of Afghanistan
Independence Day of Afghanistan

Lub Ob txhais Anglo-Afghan ua tsov ua rog (1878-80) thawj sim hawm caij nyoog lub British annihilation caum los ntawm lawv cov kev kovyeej nyob rau hauv lub sib ntaus sib tua ntawm Kandahar, uas sim hawm caij nyoog Abdur Rahman Khan xa mus rau hauv lub tshiab Emir thiab pib ntawm zoo pov tseg ntawm British-Afghan kev sib raug zoo. Lub British tau muab tswj ntawm Afghanistan tus tej thaj chaw deb undertakings nyob rau hauv rov qab rau kev ruaj ntseg tiv thaiv cov Russians thiab Pawxia. Lub Peb Anglo-Afghan ua tsov ua rog nyob rau hauv 1919 tsav tsheb mus rau hauv lub British nyoo tswj ntawm Afghanistan tus tej thaj chaw deb teeb meem thaum ntev kawg nyob rau hauv 1921.

Independence Day of Afghanistan
Independence Day of Afghanistan

Culture ntawm Afghanistan

Txoj kev ntawm lub neej ntawm Afghanistan tau siab rau ntau tshaj peb centuries, nram qab no ntaub ntawv nyob rau hauv tej kev tshwm sim lub caij ntawm lub Achaemenid faj tim teb chaws nyob rau hauv 500 ECB. Afghanistan txhais tau tias “Qhov chaw uas yog lub npe hu rau lub Afghans” los yog “Cov nqaij ntawd ntawm Afghans” nyob rau hauv lub teb chaws tus tseem dialects, Pashto thiab Dari. nws yog, rau qhov cov, ib tug tseem ceeb haiv neeg nrog rau ntau yam locales ntawm lub teb chaws muaj nws tus kheej heev subculture. Hais txog tag nrho cov Afghans caum Islamic cov rooj sib txoos, qhuas qhov sib npaug hnub caiv, hnav qhov sib npaug, noj zoo xws li cov sustenance, tune rau hauv uas zoo sib xws suab paj nruag thiab yog multi-lingual mus rau ib tug tsawg degree.

Independence Day of Afghanistan
Independence Day of Afghanistan

Nyob rau hauv lub yav qab teb thiab sab hnub tuaj locale, cia li raws li western Pakistan uas yog verifiably ib feem ntawm Afghanistan, lub Pashtuns nyob raws li ib lub Pashtun kab lis kev cai los ntawm cov nram qab no Pashtunwali (signifying “txoj kev rau cov Pashtuns”). Cov western, sab qaum teb, thiab focal qhov chaw ntawm Afghanistan yog cuam tshuam los ntawm nyob sib ze Central Esxias thiab Persian societies. Ib tug ntawm cov uas tsis yog-Pashtuns uas nyob rau hauv yua nrog Pashtuns tau embraced Pashtunwali nyob rau hauv ib txoj kev hu ua Pashtunization (los yog Afghanization) thaum ib tug ob peb Pashtuns thiab lwm tus neeg ua Persianized.

Independence Day of Afghanistan
Independence Day of Afghanistan

nqe vaj lug kub

Ib nqe nyob rau hauv Afghanistan muaj rau heev ib cov sij hawm tau ib tug kev sib raug zoo kev cai thiab lub zog. Nws yog rau feem ntau yog ib feem nyob rau hauv Persian / Dari thiab Pashto dialects, nyob rau hauv kev phem ntawm lub fact tias nyob rau hauv tam sim no-hnub lub sij hawm nws yog ntxiv winding li nce ntaus nqi nyob rau Afghanistan lub txawv dialects. Zoo Heev Persian thiab Pashto nqe assumes ib tug tseem ceeb txoj hauj lwm nyob rau hauv lub Afghan kab lis kev cai. Cov nqe tau xwm yeem tau ib yam ntawm cov loj instructive kab nyob rau hauv lub cheeb tsam, mus rau theem uas nws tau siv ntawm nws tus kheej mus rau hauv ib tug kab lis kev cai. Ib txhia zoo kawg li ntxias teeb Khushal Khan Khattak, Rahman Baba, Massoud Nawabi, Nazo Tokhi, Ahmad Shah Durrani, thiab Ghulam Muhammad Tarzi. Ib tug ntawm cov siab Persian nyuab thiab creators ntawm lub thib kaum rau thib kaum tsib ntau pua xyoo yog Rumi, Rabi'a Balkhi, Khwaja Abdullah Ansari, Jami, Alisher Navoi, Sanai, Abu Mansur Daqiqi, Sistani Farrukhi, xav paub tseeb tias, thiab Anvari. Kawm Persian lus nyuab thiab scholars teeb Khalilullah Khalili thiab Sufi Ashqari.

Independence Day of Afghanistan
Independence Day of Afghanistan

tsim

Lub koog tsev kawm ntawv tau ua cov teeb meem loj lus cog tseg rau lub ntiaj teb no tus tsim. UNESCO tau paub Afghanistan txoj hauj lwm los ntawm announcing Minaret ntawm Jam thiab lub Valley ntawm Bamiyan, tsev ntawm lub nrov Haujsam demolished los ntawm cov Taliban, Ntiaj teb cuab yeej cuab tam Sites.

Ntau zaus ntawm tseem ceeb lus cog tseg rau tsim tej zaum yuav muaj nyob rau hauv Herat, Mazar-kuv-Sharif, Ghazni Kandahar, thiab Firuzkoh nyob rau hauv Ghor xeev.

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