Independence hnub ntawm Is Nrias teb

Independence hnub ntawm Is Nrias teb
Independence hnub ntawm Is Nrias teb
Independence hnub ntawm Is Nrias teb
Independence hnub ntawm Is Nrias teb

Independence hnub yog txhua txhua xyoo lom rau 15 Lub yim hli ntuj, raws li ib tug lub teb chaws cov nyiaj so koobtsheej nyob rau hauv Is Nrias teb saib lub teb chaws ywj pheej los ntawm lub tebchaws United Kingdom rau 15 Lub yim hli ntuj 1947, lub UK Parliament dhau lub Indian Independence Act 1947 tsiv authoritative sway mus rau lub Indian Constituent los ua ke. Is Nrias teb tseem muaj huab tais George VI li lub taub hau ntawm lub xeev kom txog thaum nws hloov mus rau tag nrho Republican cov kevcai tswj. Is Nrias teb tiav kev ywj pheej raws li qhov Independence Movement sau tseg rau kom ib tug twg muaj kev thaj yeeb tawm tsam thiab kev ntau tawv ncauj uas tau tsav los ntawm cov Indian National Congress (INC). Independence pom zoo nrog rau parcel ntawm Is Nrias teb, nyob rau hauv uas British Is Nrias teb twb sib cais raws kev cai dab qhuas kab mus rau hauv lub txoj kev uas kav ntawm Is Nrias teb thiab Pakistan; lub ya tau tuaj koom los ntawm ntxhib mobs thiab loj losses, thiab lub dislodging ntawm yuav luag 15 lab cov neeg vim hais tias kev cai dab qhuas kev ntxub ntxaug. Nyob rau 15 Lub yim hli ntuj 1947, tus thawj xib fwb Prime Minister ntawm Is Nrias teb, Jawaharlal Nehru tsa cov Indian lub teb chaws banner tshaj lub Lahori Rooj vag ntawm lub Red Fort nyob rau hauv Delhi. Nyob rau txhua ensuing Independence hnub, lub neeg Prime Minister feem ntau seb puas tsimnyog tau lub banner thiab muab ib qho chaw mus rau lub teb chaws. Tag nrho cov sij hawm yog tshwm los ntawm Doordarshan, Is Nrias teb lub teb chaws supporter, thiab rau qhov cov, pib nrog lub shehnai suab paj nruag ntawm Ustad Bismillah Khan.

Independence hnub ntawm Is Nrias teb
Independence hnub ntawm Is Nrias teb

Independence hnub no saib tag nrho cov los ntawm Is Nrias teb nrog banner-raising kev pab, marches thiab kev lub sij hawm ntawd. Nws yog ib lub teb chaws nyiaj so koobtsheej.

Keeb kwm

Independence hnub ntawm Is Nrias teb
Independence hnub ntawm Is Nrias teb

European brokers tau teem noj nyob rau hauv lub Indian subcontinent los ntawm lub thib kaum xya xyoo pua. Los ntawm overpowering tub rog zoo, lub British East Is Nrias teb lub koom haum quelled nyob ze kingdoms thiab ua li lawv tus kheej raws li lub prevailing hwj chim los ntawm lub xyoo pua. Ua raws li cov Thawj ua tsov ua rog ntawm ywj pheej ntawm 1857, tsoom fwv ntawm Is Nrias teb Act 1858 tsav tsheb mus rau hauv lub British Crown xav tias yuav ncaj qha tswj ntawm Is Nrias teb. Nyob rau hauv lub xyoo lawm nram qab no, metro haiv neeg tsis tu ncua tsim crosswise tshaj Is Nrias teb, feem ntau prominently lub Indian National Congress tog, framed nyob rau hauv 1885. Lub sij hawm tom qab lub ntiaj teb no ua tsov ua rog kuv tau tsa los ntawm British hloov, piv txwv li, lub Montagu-Chelmsford kho, Txawm li cas los, nws ntxiv pom lub sanctioning ntawm lub tsim Rowlatt Act thiab hu rau nws tus kheej-txoj cai los ntawm Indian activists. Lub discontent ntawm lub sij hawm no solidified rau hauv teb chaws muaj kev thaj yeeb uas tsis yog-kev koom tes thiab cov ua tsis raws, tsav los ntawm Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi.

Independence hnub ntawm Is Nrias teb
Independence hnub ntawm Is Nrias teb

Thaum lub sij hawm lub xyoo 1930, qhov kev hloov tau tom los ntawm me ntsis muab los ntawm lub British; Congress yeej triumphs nyob rau hauv lub tom ntej kev xaiv tsa. Lub ib xyoo caum ntawm tam sim no twb plagued nrog nom tswv ntxaug: Indian peev nyob rau hauv lub ntiaj teb no ua tsov ua rog II, lub Congress’ kawg laub rau uas tsis yog-kev koom tes, thiab ib tug upsurge ntawm Muslim nationalism tsav los ntawm lub All-Is Nrias teb Muslim League. Lub nce nom tswv siab twb topped ntawm Independence nyob rau hauv 1947. Kev ua koob tsheej tau tempered los ntawm lub tsis ya ntawm lub subcontinent rau hauv Is Nrias teb thiab Pakistan.

Independence hnub ntawm Is Nrias teb
Independence hnub ntawm Is Nrias teb

Ya thiab kev ywj pheej

Ib tug ntau Muslim, Sikh, thiab Hindu moog neeg trekked cov nyuam qhuav tuaj txog pem ntwg attracted rau lub hlis encompassing kev ywj pheej. Nyob rau hauv Punjab, qhov twg tuaj txog pem ntwg cais Sikh chaw nyob rau hauv sib npaug zos qhov chaw, loj loj slaughter caum; nyob rau hauv Tsov nplooj suab thiab Bihar, qhov twg Mahatma Gandhi tus zoo soothed qhia tempers, lub kev ntxub ntxaug tau moderated. Noj tag nrho cov yam ua ke, qhov chaw nyob rau hauv lub chav 250,000 thiab 1,000,000 cov tib neeg nyob rau hauv ob sab ntawm tus tshiab fringes ncaws lub thoob nyob rau hauv lub viciousness. Thaum tag nrho cov teb chaws twb commending lub Independence Day, Gandhi nyob rau hauv Calcutta sim qia lub carnage. Nyob rau 14 Lub yim hli ntuj 1947, lub Independence Day of Pakistan, tus tshiab dominion Pakistan nyob; Muhammad Ali Jinnah twb paub tseeb hais tias raws li nws cov thawj Governor-General nyob rau hauv Karachi.

Independence hnub ntawm Is Nrias teb
Independence hnub ntawm Is Nrias teb

festivity

Independence hnub, ib tug ntawm peb lub teb chaws hnub caiv nyob rau hauv Is Nrias teb (cov lwm yam ob ua cov koom pheej hnub rau 26 Lub ib hlis ntuj thiab Mahatma Gandhi lub hnub yug rau 2 Lub kaum hli ntuj), yog pom nyob rau hauv txhua txhua ib Indian lub xeev thiab koom haum cheeb tsam. Nyob rau lub tswv yim ntawm Independence hnub, Thawj Tswj Hwm ntawm Is Nrias teb conveys “Chaw nyob rau hauv lub teb chaws”. Nyob rau 15 Lub yim hli ntuj, lub Prime Minister seb puas tsimnyog tau cov Indian banner rau lub defenses ntawm cov qhabnias ntawm qhov chaw ntawm liab Fort nyob rau hauv Delhi. Nees-nkaum ib riam phom txhaj tshuaj tawm tawm ntawm kev txaus siab rau lub qhov ntxa kev tshwm sim. Nyob rau hauv nws kev daws, lub Prime Minister nta lub xyoo dhau los tus ua tiav, seb puas tsimnyog tau teeb meem loj teeb meem thiab hu rau ntxiv txoj kev txhim kho. Nws them tribute rau cov pioneer ntawm lub Indian ywj siab txoj kev loj hlob. Lub Indian lub teb chaws song of siab, “Jana Gana Mana”, yog hu. Cov kev daws yog trailed los ntawm ib tug taug kev dhau los ntawm cov pawg ntawm cov Indian Armed Forces thiab paramilitary powers. Marches thiab expos grandstand scenes ntawm lub ywj pheej sib ntaus sib tua thiab Is Nrias teb tus assorted kev lis kev cai. Piv zaus tshwm sim nyob rau hauv lub xeev capitals qhov twg lub Chief Ministers ntawm ib tug neeg lub xeev kis tawm lub teb chaws banner, trailed los ntawm motorcades thiab cov txheej xwm. Kom txog rau thaum 1973, tus tswv xeev ntawm lub xeev tsa lub National Flag ntawm lub State capital. Nyob rau hauv Lub ob hlis ntuj 1974, lub Chief Minister ntawm Tamil Nadu, M. Karunanidhi tsis pom zoo nrog ces Prime Minister Indira Gandhi hais tias tus Chief Ministers yuav tsum tso cai tsa teb chaws banner rau Independence hnub tsuas zoo li yuav ua li cas Prime Minister lawd National banner rau Independence hnub. Tom qab ntawd Chief Ministers ntawm cais lub xeev muaj cai tsa teb chaws Flag rau Independence hnub festivity los ntawm 1974.

IndependenceIndependence hnub ntawm Is Nrias teb hnub ntawm Is Nrias teb
Independence hnub ntawm Is Nrias teb

Banner lifting zog thiab kev tej yaam num tshwm sim nyob rau hauv PatientsÕ thiab uas tsis yog-kev tswj lag tag nrho cov los ntawm lub teb chaws. Tsev kawm ntawv thiab universities direct banner-raising kev pab thiab kev lub sij hawm ntawd. Tseem ceeb tsoom fwv lug muaj tsis tu ncua embellished nrog cov hlua ntawm cov teeb. Nyob rau hauv Delhi thiab tej yam txawv nroog zej zog, kite ya ntxiv rau cov kev tshwm sim. National banners ntawm ntau ntau thiab tsawg yog siv tsis tas ua lub cim rau siab mus rau lub teb chaws. Neeg uas nyob embellish lawv hnav ris tsho, wristbands, tsheb, tsev neeg adornments nrog reproductions ntawm lub tri-shading. Nyob ib co stretch ntawm lub sij hawm, lub Success tau hloov accentuation los ntawm nationalism mus rau ib tug ntau kim heev Success ntawm txhua yam Is Nrias teb.

Independence hnub ntawm Is Nrias teb
Independence hnub ntawm Is Nrias teb

Lub Indian diaspora observes Independence hnub nyob ib ncig ntawm lub ntiaj teb nrog processions thiab miv, tshwj xeeb tshaj yog nyob rau hauv cheeb tsam uas muaj ntau dua centralizations ntawm Indian neeg ua hauj lwm. Nyob rau hauv tej qhov chaw, piv txwv li, New York thiab txawv US nroog zej zog, 15 Lub yim hli ntuj tau tsiv mus rau kab “Is Nrias teb hnub” ntawm cov diaspora thiab cov neeg zej zog masses. Expos soj ntsuam “Is Nrias teb hnub” ua nyob rau hauv 15 Lub yim hli ntuj los yog ib tug txuas rau thaum xaus ntawm lub weekday.

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