Dan neovisnosti Indije
Independence Day is every year celebrated on 15 August, as a national holiday in India honoring the nation’s independence from the United Kingdom on 15 August 1947, the UK Parliament passed the Indian Independence Act 1947 moving authoritative sway to the Indian Constituent Assembly. India still held King George VI as head of state until its change to the full republican constitution. India accomplished independence following the Independence Movement noted for to a great extent peaceful opposition and common defiance driven by the Indian National Congress (INC). Independence agreed with the parcel of India, in which British India was separated along religious lines into the Dominions of India and Pakistan; the segment was joined by rough mobs and mass losses, and the dislodging of almost 15 million individuals because of religious brutality. On 15 August 1947, the principal Prime Minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru raised the Indian national banner over the Lahori Gate of the Red Fort in Delhi. On each ensuing Independence Day, the occupant Prime Minister generally raises the banner and gives a location to the nation. The whole occasion is communicated by Doordarshan, India’s national supporter, and for the most part, starts with the shehnai music of Ustad Bismillah Khan.
Independence Day is watched all through India with banner-raising services, marches and social occasions. It is a national holiday.
European brokers had set up stations in the Indian subcontinent by the seventeenth century. Through overpowering military quality, the British East India organization quelled nearby kingdoms and built up themselves as the prevailing power by the eighteenth century. Following the First War of Independence of 1857, the Government of India Act 1858 drove the British Crown to expect direct control of India. In the decades following, metro society continuously developed crosswise over India, most prominently the Indian National Congress Party, framed in 1885. The period after World War I was set apart by British changes, for example, the Montagu–Chelmsford Reforms, međutim, it additionally saw the sanctioning of the abusive Rowlatt Act and calls for self-rule by Indian activists. The discontent of this period solidified into nationwide peaceful developments of non-participation and common noncompliance, driven by Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi.
During the 1930s, the change was bitten by bit administered by the British; Congress won triumphs in the subsequent elections. The one decade from now was plagued with political disturbance: Indian investment in World War II, the Congress’ last push for non-collaboration, and an upsurge of Muslim nationalism driven by the All-India Muslim League. The rising political pressure was topped by Independence in 1947. The celebration was tempered by the ridiculous segment of the subcontinent into India and Pakistan.
Segment and independence
A great many Muslim, Sikh, and Hindu displaced people trekked the recently attracted outskirts the months encompassing independence. In Punjab, where the outskirts separated the Sikh areas in equal parts, huge slaughter pursued; in Bengal and Bihar, where Mahatma Gandhi’s quality soothed shared tempers, the brutality was moderated. Taking all things together, somewhere in the range of 250,000 i 1,000,000 individuals on the two sides of the new fringes kicked the bucket in the viciousness. While the whole nation was commending the Independence Day, Gandhi remained in Calcutta trying to stem the carnage. On 14 August 1947, the Independence Day of Pakistan, the new Dominion of Pakistan appeared; Muhammad Ali Jinnah was confirmed as its first Governor-General in Karachi.
Independence Day, one of the three National holidays in India (the other two being the Republic Day on 26 January and Mahatma Gandhi’s birthday on 2 listopad), is seen in every single Indian state and association regions. On the eve of Independence Day, the President of India conveys the “Address to the Nation”. On 15 August, the Prime Minister raises the Indian banner on the defenses of the authentic site of Red Fort in Delhi. Twenty-one weapon shots are discharged out of appreciation for the grave event. In his discourse, the Prime Minister features the previous year’s accomplishments, raises significant issues and calls for further improvement. He pays tribute to the pioneers of the Indian independence development. The Indian national song of devotion, “Jana Gana Mana”, is sung. The discourse is trailed by a walk past of divisions of the Indian Armed Forces and paramilitary powers. Marches and expos grandstand scenes from the independence battle and India’s assorted social customs. Comparable occasions happen in state capitals where the Chief Ministers of individual states spread out the national banner, trailed by motorcades and events. Until 1973, the Governor of the State raised the National Flag at the State capital. In February 1974, the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, M. Karunanidhi disagreed with then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi that the Chief Ministers ought to be permitted to lift National banner on Independence Day simply like how Prime Minister lifts National banner on Independence Day. Later Chief Ministers of separate states are permitted to lift National Flag on Independence Day festivity from 1974.
Banner lifting functions and social projects happen in legislative and non-administrative establishments all through the nation. Schools and universities direct banner-raising services and social occasions. Significant government structures are regularly embellished with strings of lights. In Delhi and some different urban communities, kite flying adds to the event. National banners of various sizes are utilized plentifully to symbolize devotion to the nation. Residents embellish their dress, wristbands, vehicles, family adornments with reproductions of the tri-shading. Over some stretch of time, the festival has changed accentuation from nationalism to a more extensive festival of everything India.
The Indian diaspora observes Independence Day around the globe with processions and exhibitions, especially in areas with higher centralizations of Indian workers. In certain areas, for example, New York and different US urban communities, 15 August has moved toward becoming “India Day” among the diaspora and the neighborhood masses. Expos observe “India Day” either on 15 August or a connecting end of the weekday.
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- Povijest Indije
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