Independence hnub ntawm Kauslim

Independence hnub ntawm Kauslim
Independence hnub ntawm Kauslim
Independence hnub ntawm Kauslim
Independence hnub ntawm Kauslim

Lub teb chaws Liberation hnub ntawm Kauslim yog ib tug nyiaj so koobtsheej lom txhua txhua xyoo nyob rau hauv Lub yim hli ntuj 15 nyob rau hauv ob qho tib si North thiab South Kauslim. Nws hwm yeej tshaj Nyiv hnub, thaum lub U.S. dab tsi yog ntau, Soviet powers tas lub xyoo lawm-ntev Japanese tswj ntawm Kauslim. Nws yog eminent rau ua lub ntsiab Korean qhib nyiaj so koobtsheej lom los ntawm ob North thiab South Kauslim.

 

Keeb kwm keeb kwm yav dhau

Nyob rau hauv South Kauslim, nws yog lub npe hu ua Gwangbokjeol (liberation hnub; tiag tiag, “lub hnub lub teeb rov qab”), thiab yog ib tug ntawm cov qhib hnub caiv nyob rau hauv South Kauslim. Nyob rau hauv North Kauslim, nws yog lub npe hu ua ChogukhaebangÅ­i ib txhis (Lub Fatherland Liberation hnub; tiag tiag Liberation ntawm lub Fatherland Hnub) thiab yog zoo li no ib tug ntawm cov qhib hnub caiv nyob rau hauv North Kauslim.

Independence hnub ntawm Kauslim
Independence hnub ntawm Kauslim

Keeb kwm

Tom qab lub Korean ceg av qab teb twb dim ntawm tus phoojywg nyob rau hauv 1945, autonomous Korean tsoom fwv twb tau peb lub xyoo tom qab lub fact, rau Lub yim hli ntuj 15, 1948, thaum txog tus ntse heev U.S. Syngman Rhee raug xaiv Thawj Tswj Hwm ntawm South Kauslim thiab kev Soviet Kim Il-Sung tau ua tus thawj coj ntawm North Kauslim. Gwangbokjeol twb authoritatively muab ib qho qhib nyiaj so koobtsheej rau Lub kaum hli ntuj 1, 1949, nyob rau hauv South Kauslim thiab yog lub npe hu ua ChogukhaebangÅ­i ib txhis (Lub Fatherland Liberation hnub; ua tau “Txoj kev ywj pheej ntawm Fatherland Hnub”) nyob rau hauv North Kauslim.

Lub keeb kwm backdrop ntawm South Kauslim teb pib nrog nws lub hauv paus rau 15 Lub yim hli ntuj 1948.

Kauslim twb authoritatively apportioned nyob rau hauv 1945, mus rau lub finish ntawm lub ntiaj teb no ua tsov ua rog II. Raws li Kauslim yog nyob rau hauv Japanese ntsiab cai thaum lub sij hawm ua tsov ua rog II lub ntiaj teb no, Kauslim yog thawm xyoo ib tug hostile tiv thaiv cov phoojywg los ntawm tu ua A Japanese cheeb tsam. Cov tsis muaj kev txwv muab los ntawm teb chaws Nyiv Pooj sim hawm caij nyoog lub division ntawm Kauslim mus rau hauv ob txoj hauj lwm aav (ib yam li cov plaub aav nyob rau hauv lub teb chaws Yelemees), nrog rau lub tebchaws United States tswj lub yav qab teb feem ntawm lub promontory thiab lub Soviet Union regulating lub teb chaws qaum teb ntawm lub 38th thaum uas tig mus. Qhov no division twb npaj yuav impermanent (raws li yog nyob rau hauv lub teb chaws Yelemees) thiab yog thawj zaug yuav tsum tau los ib tug ua txhua yam ua ke Kauslim rov qab mus rau nws cov kwvtij tom qab lub tebchaws United States, United Kingdom, Soviet Union, thiab cov koom pheej ntawm Tuam Tshoj yuav mastermind ib leeg tsoom fwv rau lub promontory.

Lub ob gatherings twb tsis tau swb mus rau lub tua ntawm Joint Trusteeship tshaj Kauslim. Qhov no tsav tsheb nyob rau hauv 1948 rau lub hauv paus ntawm nyias tsoom fwv - cov Communist-tom ywj pheej neeg lub koom pheej ntawm Kauslim (DPRK) thiab sab hnub poob-tom ntej no koom pheej ntawm Kauslim - txhua professing mus yuav tus ncaj ncees koom haum nom tswv ntawm tag nrho cov ntawm Kauslim. Nyob rau lub rau hli ntuj 25, 1950, lub Korean ua tsov ua rog tsoo tawm. Tom qab ntau npaum li cas decimation, tsov rog tas rau Lub Xya hli ntuj 27, 1953, nrog rau cov 1948 ua lag ua luam, raws li ib txwm, raug reestablished, raws li tej nuj nqis cov DPRK tsis Thawj koom pheej yuav tsum tau them nrog regards rau vanquishing rau lwm tus ib feem ntawm cais Kauslim. Lub promontory twb partitioned los ntawm cov Korean Demilitarized Zone thiab ob cais tsoom fwv tswm rau hauv lub tam sim no nom tswv tshuaj ntawm North thiab South Kauslim.

South Kauslim lub consequent keeb kwm yog tsa los ntawm sib lub sij hawm ntawm feem ntau txoj cai thiab despotic raws li kev cai. Nonmilitary neeg tseem fwv routinely suav los ntawm Thawj koom pheej ntawm Rhee Syngman rau cov kawm Sixth koom pheej. Thawj koom pheej, Thaj chaw raws li nyob rau hauv nws commencement, muab tau progressively despotic kom txog rau thaum nws rhuav tshem nyob rau hauv 1960. Lub Ob txhais koom pheej yog nrees feem ntau txoj cai, tsis tau twb ousted nyob rau hauv nyob rau hauv ib lub xyoo thiab supplanted los ntawm ib tug imperious tub rog system. lub Peb, Plaub, thiab Fifth republics twb ostensibly chaw raws li, Txawm li cas los, lawv Benefit saib raws li lub continuation ntawm cov tub rog yeej. Nrog lub Sixth koom pheej, lub teb chaws tau cov kauj ruam yog kauj ruam balanced tawm mus rau hauv ib tug tsis nrug feem ntau cov kev cai system.

Txij thaum nws cov commencement, South Kauslim tau pom lub siab dawb siab txoj kev txhim kho nyob rau hauv kev kawm, kev khwv nyiaj txiag, thiab kab lis kev cai. Txij li thaum 1960, lub teb chaws tau tsim los ntawm ib tug Asia tsawg kawg muaj hmoo rau ib qho ntawm lub ntiaj teb no tus wealthiest lub teb chaws. Instruction, tshwj xeeb tshaj yog nyob rau tertiary theem, tau ncua ho. Nws yog hais tias yuav tsum yog ib ntawm cov “plaub tsov” ntawm microscopic Neeg Esxias xeev alongside Singapore, Taiwan, thiab Hong Kong.

North Kauslim

Independence hnub ntawm Kauslim
Independence hnub ntawm Kauslim

North Kauslim nyob rau hauv tam sim no praises no nyiaj so koobtsheej alongside South Kauslim. Txoj kev ywj pheej hnub yog lub ntsiab Korean nyiaj so koobtsheej uas yog qhuas los ntawm ob haiv neeg. Nyob rau hauv North Kauslim, nws yog zoo tib yam los mus npaj weddings nyob rau hnub caiv.

Nyob rau 5 Lub yim hli ntuj 2015, lub North Korean tsoom fwv xaiv rov qab los rau UTC + 08:30, haib 15 Lub yim hli ntuj 2015, thiab hais tias cov nom lub npe yuav Pyongyang sij hawm los yog (PYT). Lub koom haum nom tswv ntawm North Kauslim tswm rau qhov kev xaiv raws li ib tug tawg ntawm 'tsoom fwv'; lub sij hawm tsam hloov los ua zoo rau tus 70th koobtsheej uas nco txog txoj kev ywj pheej ntawm Kauslim.

Lub keeb kwm backdrop ntawm North Kauslim pib mus rau qhov finish ntawm lub ntiaj teb no ua tsov ua rog II nyob rau hauv 1945. Cov muab los ntawm teb chaws Nyiv Pooj sim hawm caij nyoog lub division ntawm Kauslim nyob rau 38th thaum uas tig mus, nrog lub Soviet Union muaj lub sab qaum teb, thiab hauv lub tebchaws United States nrog tus sab qab teb. Lub Soviet Union thiab lub tebchaws United States tsis saib tsis xyuas rau concede rau ib tug mus kom ze rau coj ua ke hauv lub teb chaws, thiab nyob rau hauv 1948 lawv ua tau ob tug cais tsoom fwv - lub Soviet-tom ywj pheej neeg lub koom pheej ntawm Kauslim thiab lub Western-tom koom pheej ntawm Kauslim - txhua professing mus yuav tus ncaj ncees koom haum nom tswv ntawm tag nrho cov ntawm Kauslim.

Nyob rau hauv 1950 lub Korean ua tsov ua rog tsoo tawm. Tom qab ntau npaum li cas pulverization, tsov rog tas nrog ib tug stalemate. Lub division ntawm lub 38th thaum uas tig mus yog supplanted los ntawm cov Korean Demilitarized Zone. Lub lim ntawm qhov sib txawv sab proceeded. Tawm ntawm lub rubble, Sab qaum teb Kauslim tuaj txoos ua ke ib industrialized kev taw qhia kev khwv nyiaj txiag.

Kim Il-Sung tsav North Kauslim kom txog rau thaum nws dhau nyob rau hauv 1994. Nws ua tau ib tug leej twg dim tau cim clique thiab tswj lub teb chaws nyob rau hauv ib tug dawb kawg raws li ib lub yeej ntawm Juche (cog qoob loo). Notwithstanding, nrog catastrophic txheej xwm thiab lub neej puas lub Soviet Bloc nyob rau hauv 1991, North Kauslim mus rau hauv ib tug huab monetary thaum muaj xwm ceev. Kim Il-hu tus me nyuam, Kim Jong-il, ua tau zoo rau nws thiab twb thusly prevailing los ntawm nws tus me nyuam, Kim Jong-un. Amid thoob ntiaj teb ceev faj, Sab qaum teb Kauslim yog tsim atomic rockets. Nyob rau hauv 2018, Kim Jong-un ua ib tug ceev kev sib raug zoo suggestion ntawm South Kauslim thiab lub tebchaws United States.

South Kauslim

Nyiaj so koobtsheej

Nyob rau hauv South Kauslim, heev heev ce thiab lub sij hawm ntawd tshwm sim nyob rau cov nyiaj so koobtsheej, xws li ib tug hauj lwm kev pab cuam mus rau los ntawm cov thawj coj ntawm lub koom pheej yog thaum lub Independence Hall ntawm Kauslim nyob rau hauv Cheonan los yog nyob rau hauv lub Sejong Center rau cov Performing Arts.

Tag nrho cov lug thiab tsev yog hais tias qhia cov South Korean lub teb chaws banner Taegukgi. Tsis heev dua lwm yam yog feem ntau qhib keeb kwm chaw zov me nyuam thiab qhov chaw qhib rau tsis muaj dab tsi tawm ntawm lub hnab tshos mus rau lub txheeb ze ntawm kev ywj pheej activists rau cov nyiaj so koobtsheej, Txawm li cas los, lawv yuav zoo li no mus rau ob qho tib si qhib tsheb thiab Intercity npaj rau tsis muaj dab tsi.

Independence hnub ntawm Kauslim
Independence hnub ntawm Kauslim

Txoj cai “gwangbokjeol suab paj nruag” (Jail songs) yog hu nyob rau txoj cai kev pab. Lub tune tus verses tau muaj li ntawm Jeong Inbo (Jeonginbo) thiab lub suab nkauj los ntawm Yoon Yongha (Yunyongha).

Lub koom haum saib xyuas customarily teeb meem mas tsis tshua exculpates rau Gwangbokjeol.

Nyob rau hauv 1974, Yuk Hluas-SOO, Ua ntej pojniam ntawm South Kauslim thiab lub neej tus khub tiaj chaw ua si Chung-Hee, raug tua los ntawm Mun Se-laib nyob rau lub teb chaws ua yeeb yam ntawm Kauslim nyob rau hauv Seoul thaum lub sij hawm ib tug Gwangbokjeol kev pab cuam.

Pop kab lis kev cai

Lub Ncov yog txwv tsis pub paub li lub neej ntawm Lee Youk-sa, lub Poet uas embraced ntu, featuring Kim Dong-Yeej ntawm boyband Shinhwa yog ib tug ob-seem tsis tshua muaj tshwm qhia communicates rau MBC kom paub txog Gwangbokjeol. Nws yog nyob rau hauv lub neej ntawm artist thiab kev ywj pheej lobbyist, Lee Youk-sa, uas nyob thaum lub sij hawm lub Japanese Colonial sij hawm thiab ncaws tawm hauv lub thoob nyob rau hauv tsev kaw neeg ntawm 40 deserting qhov chaw nyob rau hauv lub chav 40 khoom ntawm nqe.

Independence hnub ntawm Kauslim
Independence hnub ntawm Kauslim

Qhov thib peb qhia tau tias version ntawm Park Gyeong-ni tus epic tshiab Toji (ua tau “Cov av”), yog ib tug 52-scene chronicled dramatization uas qhia tawm los ntawm 27 Kaum ib hlis 2004 rau 22 Tej zaum 2005, twb tshwm los ntawm South Korean telecaster SBS raws li remembrance ntawm cov 60th koobtsheej uas nco txog Gwangbokjeol; thiab lub ntsiab dramatization txhais tom qab txhua txhua ib ntawm cov 21 tagnrho los lawm.

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