Independence Day of Malaysia / Malaya

Independence Day of Malaysia / Malaya
Independence Day of Malaysia / Malaya
Independence Day of Malaysia / Malaya
Independence Day of Malaysia / Malaya

kev ywj pheej hnub, Malaysia lub Independence Day, yog praised txhua xyoo nyob rau hauv Lub yim hli ntuj 31.

antiquated MALAYA

Lub hom neeg nyob rau hauv Malaya twb Pob zeb Muaj hnub nyoog tracker gatherers. Lawv tuaj txog ntxov dua yuav tsum tau raws li 8,000 BC. Tom qab ntawd Pob zeb Muaj hnub nyoog ranchers tuaj rau Malaya thiab uprooted lawv. (Lub tracker gatherers khaws cia nyob rau hauv uas twb muaj lawm txawm li cas los lawv tsis ua rau hauv tej thaj chaw deb qhov chaw). Lub ranchers xyaum txiav thiab haus agribusiness. Lawv tshem ib cheeb tsam ntawm lub downpour Woodland los ntawm siv nws nyob rau ntawm tus taw tes tsim harvests. Tom qab ib tug ob peb xyoos, lub teb chaws yuav tsum depleted thiab cov ranchers yuav luaj lwm cheeb tsam. Notwithstanding, hauv ib tug ob peb xyoos, cov laus tsam yuav mus shrouded nyob rau hauv tej nroj tsuag thiab yuav poob nplua nuj ib zaug ntxiv.

Tom qab 1,000 BC hlau-siv ranchers tuaj rau Malaya. Lawv ua apparatuses los ntawm bronze thiab hlau thiab lawv tsawm raws tus ntug dej hiav txwv thiab ntws. Lawv nyob tog los ntawm angling, incompletely los ntawm tsim loo. Nyob rau hauv lub thib ob thiab thib peb ntau pua xyoo AD, coj tuaj ua ke lub xeev sawv nyob rau hauv Malaya. Qhov zoo tshaj plaws yog Kedah nyob rau hauv lub North. Lub Malayans muab tawm heev kawg nkaus li humanized. Malayan kev kawm tau kwm cuam tshuam los ntawm Is Nrias teb. (Malays exchanged nrog Is Nrias teb los ntawm peb lub xyoo pua AD. Tom qab kev sib cuag nrog Is Nrias teb yog ib txwm). Malayan cai thiab composing tsom Indian tej yam. Cov kev ntseeg ntawm Buddhism thiab Hinduism tau zoo li no coj mus rau hauv Malaya nyob ib ncig ntawm ces.

SRI VIJAYA

Independence Day of Malaysia / Malaya
Independence Day of Malaysia / Malaya

Nyob rau hauv lub xya thiab yim pua ​​xyoo, hauv lub xeev ntawm Srivijaya ntawm Sumatra sawv los kav ib tug heev me ntsis ntawm Malaya. Nws yog ib lub nceeg vaj nyob rau hauv Sumatra nrog nws capital ntawm Palembang. Srivijaya tswj lub shores ntawm Java, lub Malay ceg av qab teb thiab ib feem ntawm Borneo. Xijpeem, Srivijayan cia li hais tiag tswj lub ntug dej hiav txwv. Lawv tej yam tsis ncab mus deb dej.

Cov kev vam meej ntawm Srivijaya depended rau ntawm kev pauv nrog ob tug Khej thiab Tuam Tshoj. Srivijaya tswj lub Malacca Straits, uas yog cov thawj tswj tsev kawm nkag ntawm lub Indian dej hiav txwv thiab Tuam Tshoj Hiav txwv. Yog li ntawd, nws tsim nplua nuj thiab av-tawg. Srivijaya tau cov kev xaiv mus hais kom lub chaw kom txog rau thaum lub xyoo pua eleventh. Nyob rau ntawm lub taw tes, nws muaj peev xwm tsis yeem thiab los ntawm lub thib kaum peb xyoo pua, Srivijaya tau poob hwj.

MELAKA

Independence Day of Malaysia / Malaya
Independence Day of Malaysia / Malaya

Tom qab ntawd Melaka sawv los kav Malaya. Ib tug txiv neej npe hu Parameswara tsim nws mus rau ntawm finish ntawm lub kaum plaub xyoo pua. Nws tig mus rau hauv tus thawj coj ntawm Temasek, Singapore Island. Yuav hais tias ua nws yuav, lub Thais toppled nws. Parameswara khiav nrog tej devotees thiab tswm los ntawm ib tug waterway hu ua Bertram.

Raws li tau hais los ntawm lus dab neeg thaum nws twb chasing ib tug nas mos lwj muab thiab ncaws tawm nws ib tug mutts. Parameswara ntseeg no raws li ib tug kos npe rau thiab xaiv los tsim ib tug hais sib haum muaj. Txij li thaum nws twb seem nyob rau hauv ib tug Melaka tsob ntoo thaum lub sij hawm nws lub npe hu nws Melaka. Parameswara hloov mus rau Islam. (Islam chiv tiav qhov chaw thaum lub sij hawm lub yim xyoo pua. Nws ua heev heev cov ntseeg ntawm lub kaum plaub thiab thib kaum rau ntau pua xyoo). Thaum lub sij hawm lub thib kaum tsib xyoo pua, tus tshiab sib haum flourished thiab tsim. Cov kev nplua nuj thiab tus ntawm Melaka depended rau pauv nrog rau As, Suav thiab Khab tej nkoj nquam cruising muaj.

Lub extraordinary abundance ntawm lub nroog-xeev ntawm Melaka tau mus rau lub daim ntawv ceeb toom ntawm lub Portuguese. Nyob rau hauv 1511 lawv xa ib tug endeavor tsav los ntawm Alfonso de Albuquerque mus caum nws. Melaka ua ntej ntev tumbled mus rau lub Portuguese mounted phom. Yuav hais tias ua nws yuav, tus me nyuam ntawm cov Sultan ntawm Melaka tsim Johor.

Johor THIAB COV Dutch

Independence Day of Malaysia / Malaya
Independence Day of Malaysia / Malaya

Johor tsim ua ib tug ntawm ib tug ob peb zoo kawg sib xeev dab tsi yog tam sim no Malaya. Nyob rau hauv nruab nrab-thib kaum rau xyoo pua, Johor ua ob peb fruitless endeavors rov qab Melaka. Nyob rau hauv txhua rooj plaub, Johor nyob unfriendly rau Portuguese Melaka. Nyob rau ntawm lub taw tes nyob rau hauv nruab nrab-thib kaum xya xyoo pua, lawv tau ua ib lub union uas muaj lub Dutch tiv thaiv lawv qhia foe lub Portuguese. Lub Dutch ua ob ices endeavors mus caum Melaka nyob rau hauv 1606 thiab 1608. Lawv hais tias coj lawv concentration rau Java. Thaum ntev kawg, nyob rau hauv 1641 lub Dutch nteg nres rau Melaka ib zaug ntxiv. Johor pab lawv. Tom qab ib qho phem phem nres, qhov twg heev heev cov tib neeg kis rau, Melaka, thaum kawg, tumbled mus rau lub Dutch.

Lwm nplua nuj thiab amazing lub xeev yog Aceh, nyob rau hauv Sumatra. Nyob rau hauv txhua rooj plaub, lub Sultanate ntawm Aceh tiav nws cag qaum roob nyob rau hauv nruab nrab-thib kaum xya xyoo pua ntawm tus taw tes pib kom txo tau. Brunei yog lwm zoo kawg lub xeev. Zoo khoom nyob rau hauv lub thib kaum tsib xyoo pua, nws los ua ntau grounded nyob rau hauv lub thib kaum rau tom qab lub Portuguese ntes tau Melaka. Cov kev siv cov Brunei yog nyob rau hauv nws sab saum toj nyob rau hauv nruab nrab-thib kaum rau xyoo pua Txawm li cas los nws tsis yeem mus rau lub xyoo pua yuav xaus.

Nyob rau hauv nruab nrab-thib kaum xya xyoo pua, lub Dutch tsav tsheb tawm txhua txhua ib lwm European los ntawm lub chaw uas zoo heev. Rau qhov seem ntawm lub thib kaum xya xyoo pua, lawv tus khub nrog Johor thiab ob rog kav lub koog tsev kawm ntawv.

Nyob rau hauv 1673 lub powers ntawm lub nceeg vaj ntawm Jambi sacked lub capital ntawm Johor, Batu Sawar. Nyob rau hauv txhua rooj plaub, Johor nyob rau hauv lub kawg figured tawm yuav ua li cas ua nuj rout rau Jambi. Rau lub finish ntawm lub thib kaum xya xyoo pua, Johor yog raws li tau lub feem ntau tseem ceeb lub xeev nyob rau hauv Malaya. Yuav hais tias ua nws yuav, nyob rau hauv 1699 Sultan Mahmud raug tua. Lub sij hawm denoted pib ntawm lub finish ntawm Johor tswj.

LUB BUGIS

Independence Day of Malaysia / Malaya
Independence Day of Malaysia / Malaya

Lwm hwj chim sawv nyob rau hauv lub xyoo pua. Ib tug neeg hu ua cov Bugis chiv originated ntawm Sulawesi. Rau lub finish ntawm lub thib kaum xya xyoo pua, lawv pib mus khom, calmly, nyob rau hauv lub cheeb tsam ntawm Johor. Lawv tau tso cai rau txiav txim tsis tau lawv ua ntej ntev muab tawm yuav tsis tshua muaj amazing.

Nyob rau hauv 1717 ib tug txiv neej npe hu Raja Kecil guaranteed nws yog tus me nyuam ntawm cov tua Sultan Mahmud. Nws thiab nws pab tuav mus rau lub capital ntawm Johor. Lub hom sultan, ib tug txiv neej npe hu Abdul Jalil, twb ousted. Yuav hais tias ua nws yuav, nws tau khiav mus rau sab hnub tuaj lais ntawm cov Malay ceg av qab teb nrog nws pab thiab teem ib lub yeeb ncuab lub tsev hais plaub muaj. Txij thaum ntawd los taw tes rau ob tug txiv neej professed ua tus thawj coj ntawm Johor.

Abdul Jalil twb tua nyob rau cov kev thov ntawm nws tus nrog sib ntaus, kinglet. Lub Bugis hais tias muab rau Me King. Lawv ntes tau cov peev thiab ua Abdul Jalil tus me nyuam Sulaiman kav. Yuav hais tias ua nws yuav, Sulaiman yog cia li ib tug manikin kav. Txij thaum ntawd los taw tes rau cov Bugis tuav txoj hwj chim.

English colonialism HAUV MALAYA

Nyob rau hauv lub lig xyoo pua, lub British East Is Nrias teb tuam txhab exchanged nrog, thiab incompletely tswj Is Nrias teb. Nyob ib ncig ntawm ces lawv pib searching rau ib lub hauv paus nyob rau hauv Malaya. Nyob rau hauv 1786 lub British nyob rau hauv Francis teeb koom tes nrog Penang thiab tsim Georgetown. Nyob rau hauv 1800 lawv coj Xeev Wellesley. Nyob rau hauv 1819 Sir Stamford raffles tsim ib tug British sib ncej ntawm Singapore.

Independence Day of Malaysia / Malaya
Independence Day of Malaysia / Malaya

Los ntawm lub zos ntawm London, 1824, lub British thiab Dutch cais lub chaw nruab nrab ntawm lawv. Lub Dutch muab Melaka mus rau lub British. Lub Dutch tau muab tswj ntawm Sumatra thiab tag nrho cov cheeb tsam hauv qab lub Malay ceg av qab teb.

Lub Straits koom, raws li lawv tau hu ua, (Penang, xeev Wellesley, Melaka, thiab Singapore) ua sai sai vim hais tias incompletely ntawm ib tug nyab ntawm Suav thiab Indian tshwj xeeb. los ntawm 1860 lub xov tooj ntawm inhabitants nyob rau hauv Singapore yog ntau tshaj li 80,000. Yuav hais tias ua nws yuav, txawm tias tus British East Is Nrias teb tuam txhab tswj Islands tuaj thiab qhov chaw ntawm lub ntug dej hiav txwv lawv tsis tswj rau sab hauv ntawm lub Malay ceg av qab teb. Ntxiv mus, kom txog rau thaum 1867 rau sab hnub tuaj Is Nrias teb tuam txhab tswj lub Straits koom, tsis yog tus British tsoom fwv. Nyob rau hauv txhua rooj plaub, nyob rau hauv 1867 lawv tau ua ib tug crown xeev.

English tswj ntawm Sarawak pib nyob rau hauv 1841. Nyob rau hauv 1840 ib tug txiv neej npe hu James Brooke pab cov Sultan ntawm Brunei rau taub kuj. Raws li ib tug nqi zog, nws muaj ib thaj chaw rau kev tswj thiab nyob rau hauv 1841 nws tau tso cai rau hauv lub npe ntawm Raja ntawm Sarawak. Brooke cheeb tsam tau tsim nyob rau hauv 1853.

Nyob rau hauv lub nruab nrab Siam (advanced Thaib teb) rov Kedah nyob rau hauv 1821. Lawv tshem tawm cov Sultan. Muaj uprisings tiv thaiv Siamese txheem nyob rau hauv 1830-31 thiab 1838-39. Cov Sultan twb reestablished nyob rau hauv 1841 tsis tau Kedah tseem ib tug vassal ib ncig ntawm Siam.

LUB Treaty ntawm PANGKOR 1874

Independence Day of Malaysia / Malaya
Independence Day of Malaysia / Malaya

Nyob rau hauv 1853 lub British tsoom fwv txiav luam yeeb them nyiaj npaj rau txawv teb chaws nyob rau hauv lub tin. tom qab, lub nqi ntawm tin ntawm Malaya rau teb chaws Aas Kiv blasted. Steamships thiab cov qhib ntawm lub Suez channel nyob rau hauv 1869 ntxiv txhawb fares ntawm tin. Suav tes dej num khiav mus ua hauj lwm nyob rau hauv lub tin mines ntawm Malaya thiab nyob rau Estates.

Xijpeem, nyob rau hauv 1871, lub Sultan ntawm Perak ncaws lub thoob thiab muaj ib tug squabble txog leej twg yuav tsum ua tau zoo rau nws. Dhau li, Suav paub tsis meej kev txiav txim ua rog txog leej twg tej zaum yuav tswj lub tin mines. Lub ntxaug chim khoom siv ntawm tin rau teb chaws Aas Kiv. Yog li ntawd me me sij hawm uas lav nws yog qhov tseeb txais kev pab mus rau lub Sultan, huab tais Abdullah, ua ib tug concurrence nrog lub British. Nws hu ua tus Pangkor Daim ntawv cog lus. Lub British dab tsi Abdulla li cov Sultan ntawm Perak. Thiaj li, nws tso cai rau lees paub ib tug British 'counselor’ nyob rau ntawm nws lub tsev hais plaub uas tej zaum yuav 'ntuas’ nws nyob rau tag nrho cov teeb meem tsuas yog cov neeg hais txog Malayan kev ntseeg thiab kev cai.

Kom txog rau thaum 1874 lub British ceev lawv tus kheej mus pauv thiab abstained los ntawm tau txais mus rau yuav txuam nrog Malayan tsoom fwv teeb meem. Lub bargain ntawm Pangkor denoted pib ntawm British nom tswv tswj ntawm Malaya.

English MALAYA

Lub British maj mam txhab lawv tej yam tshaj Malaya. Ntau lub xeev Selangor, Pahang, Sungei, Ujong, Rembau, Negri Sembilan, Hoboken) tau yuam kom lees paub British 'kev ruaj ntseg'. Nyob rau hauv 1895 lub 'ensured’ xeev twb convinced xwm ib pab koomtes.

Nyob rau hauv lub nruab nrab nyob rau hauv 1888 Brunei, Sarawak thiab North Borneo twb tuaj British protectorates. Nyob rau hauv lub ntsiab ntev lub sij hawm ntawm lub thib nees nkaum xyoo pua, lub British txhab lawv tej yam tshaj lub Northern Malay States (Kedah, Kelantan, thiab Terengganu) tau officially assimilated rau hauv British Malaya. Nyob rau hauv 1914 Johor zoo li no mus nyob rau hauv British hauv paus ntsiab lus.

Nyob rau hauv nruab nrab-thib nees nkaum xyoo pua, lwm kev lag luam tej thaum yau nyob rau hauv Malaya-elastic. Lub Malayan elastic kev lag luam blasted. Lub Malayan tin kev lag luam zoo li no ua tau zoo thiab ib cov roj kev lag luam pib nyob rau hauv Singapore. Thaum lub sij hawm 1920 los lub Malayan kev khwv nyiaj txiag yog kev vam meej li cas los xij thaum lub sij hawm lub xyoo 1930, thaum lub sij hawm lub downturn, xa tawm fell. Nyob rau hauv nruab nrab-thib nees nkaum xyoo pua thaum lub kev khwv nyiaj txiag tau blasting heev heev Suav neeg tuaj nyob thiab ua hauj lwm nyob rau hauv Malaya. Xijpeem, tom qab 1930 zog twb tag rau pab tawm joblessness.

Japanese txoj hauj lwm ntawm MALAYA

Independence Day of Malaysia / Malaya
Independence Day of Malaysia / Malaya

Nyob rau lub Kaum Ob Hlis 8, 1941, lub Japanese rog tau lub Malay ceg av qab teb thiab lawv sai overran nws. Qhov kawg British pab tub rog rub rov qab tshaj lub straits rau hauv Singapore Island nyob 31 Lub ib hlis ntuj 1942. Cov Japanese rov Singapore rau 8 Lub ob hlis ntuj 1942. Lub kom mus British pab tub rog tau muab rau 15 Lub ob hlis ntuj 1942. Qhov no yog ib tug tub rog debacle rau lub British. Nyob rau hauv lub nruab nrab Japanese pab tub rog rov Borneo. Lawv ntes tau Kuching rau 25 Hlis ntuj nqeg 1941 thiab Jesselton (Kota Kinabalu) rau 8 Lub ib hlis ntuj 1942. Thaum lub sij hawm lub Japanese txoj hauj lwm, Suav tau hais txog nrog rau feem ntau brutally. Khab twb dealt nrog tsawg brutally.

MALAYA yuav YWJ SIAB

Independence Day of Malaysia / Malaya
Independence Day of Malaysia / Malaya

Nyob rau hauv 1944, thaum lub Japanese confronted rout, lub British tsoom fwv tau xaiv los koom nrog rau tag nrho cov Malayan lub xeev (ib sab ntawm Singapore) mus rau hauv ib tug keev xeeb coj tuaj ua ke lub xeev hu ua lub Malayan Union. (Singapore yuav yog ib tug txawv yas kev sib hais haum). Xijpeem, muaj xws li ib tug zoo kawg npaum li cas ntawm kev txwv rau qhov no nws twb tso tseg. es rau 1 Lub ob hlis ntuj 1948, lub Federation ntawm Malaya twb zoo li tus.

Nyob rau hauv lub nruab nrab Malayan nationalism twb tsim. Lub koom haum yog cov thawj xib fwb Malay Singapore Malay Union, los yog Singapore Malay Union, uas twb zoo li tus nyob rau hauv 1926. Lwm tus tam sim ntawd tailed nws. Nyob rau hauv 1946 Malay koom haum ua teb Consolidated rau shape lub tebchaws United Malays National Organization, lub teb chaws As Mes Malays National Organization.

Lub Malayan Communist tog (MCP) yog tsim los pab nyob rau hauv 1930. Nyob rau hauv 1948 lawv pib mus ua phem European sau directors. Yog li ntawd lub koom haum nom tswv hais ib tug rhiab heev teeb meem. Lub rau nkawv noj lub socialist zog tsis yeem tom qab 1949 thaum lub British Parliament guaranteed kev ywj pheej. Lub revolt proceeded rau tej xyoo tiam sis nws yog mus rau ib tug tsawg raws li ib tug uas muaj feem yuav. Socialist txiav txim thiaj tawg dua nyob rau hauv nruab nrab-1970s ces faded deb.

Nyob rau hauv 1955 lub Reid Commission twb framed yuav teev ib tug kevcai tswj rau Malaya. Malaya qhov txhab los dawb rau 31 Lub yim hli ntuj 1957. Lub ntsiab yog Prime Minister ntawm Malaya Tunku Abdul Rahman (1903-1976). He held office from 1957 rau 1970. Nyob rau hauv 1963 Singapore, Sarawak and Sabah joined Malaya to frame the Federation of Malaysia. Xijpeem nyob rau hauv 1965 Singapore turned into a different state.

THE STATE OF EMERGENCY

Thaum lub sij hawm 1960 muaj ib hom ntawm cov Malays thiab uas tsis yog-Malays. Nws tiav nyob rau hauv savagery tom qab kev txiav txim siab nyob rau hauv Tej zaum 1969. The resistance groups picked up seats while the administering gathering lost seats (txawm hais tias lawv clutched tswj). Nyob rau 13 Tej zaum 1969, the supporters of the resistance groups held festivals in the roads of Kuala Lumpur. Supporters of the administering gathering held a counter-show. The two sides got into a physical altercation. Tom qab ob hnub ntawm kev ntxub ntxaug, lub koom haum nom tswv hais tias ib tug rhiab heev teeb meem no thiab parliament tau tshem tawm.

Tam sim no-hnub rau Malaysia

Independence Day of Malaysia / Malaya
Independence Day of Malaysia / Malaya

Gradually quiet returned and parliament was reconvened in 1971. The Malaysian government at that point embraced another financial strategy. It was amazingly fruitful. Thaum lub sij hawm lub xyoo 1970, 1980’s and 1990’s Malaysia changed from being a poor, horticultural nation to a rich, mechanical one. The way of life of the Malaysian individuals climbed significantly. Nyob rau hauv 1991 the new monetary approach was supplanted by another advancement arrangement. Today Malaysia is a prosperous nation. The number of inhabitants in Malaysia is 31 lab.

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