Independence hnub ntawm Ukraine / History of Ukraine

Independence hnub ntawm Ukraine / History of Ukraine
Independence hnub ntawm Ukraine / History of Ukraine
Independence hnub ntawm Ukraine / History of Ukraine
Independence hnub ntawm Ukraine / History of Ukraine

Pheej, heev heev Ukrainians qhuas lawv teb chaws ywj pheej rau Lub yim hli ntuj 24. Nws yog ib tug pej xeem nyiaj so koobtsheej crosswise tshaj Ukraine.

Yog Independence hnub ib lub Public Nyiaj so koobtsheej?

Independence Day yog ib tug pej xeem nyiaj so koobtsheej. Nws yog ib hnub tawm rau lub tag nrho-inclusive zej zog, thiab cov tsev kawm ntawv thiab feem ntau cov koom haum no kaw.

Dab neeg Koj?

Independence hnub nyob rau hauv Ukraine yog ib qho loj Success uas pom marches thiab hordes ntawm cov neeg uas nyob rau hauv cov neeg lossis, nrog ib co co tes rau hauv lub Ukrainian banner. Lwm yam Independence hnub lub sij hawm ntawd tej zaum yuav muaj xws li:

  • Firecrackers.
  • Sab nraum qhia.
  • Qhia.
  • Dawb pej xeem ciaj uas muag thiab fairs.
  • bazaars.
  • ua si
Independence hnub ntawm Ukraine / History of Ukraine
Independence hnub ntawm Ukraine / History of Ukraine

Muaj ntau festivals lub teb chaws mus rau ntaug Independence hnub, nrog ib co tswv yim rau ib tug heev lub sij hawm ntev tom qab lub yim hli ntuj 24.

Public neej

Independence hnub yog ib lub teb chaws rau pej xeem nyiaj so koobtsheej nyob rau hauv Ukraine xws loj loj tus xov tooj ntawm lub khws, exhibition halls, thiab cov tsev qiv ntawv, cia li raws li tsoom fwv chaw ua hauj lwm thiab qhia cov me nyuam yaus yog kaw.

Independence hnub ntawm Ukraine / History of Ukraine
Independence hnub ntawm Ukraine / History of Ukraine

Tom qab

Lub Early Keeb kwm ntawm Ukraine

Nyob rau hauv lub xya xyoo pua BC, ib tug neeg hu ua cov Scythians nyob rau hauv dab tsi yog tam sim no Ukraine. Tom qab ntawd lub Greeks xaiv rau sab qaum teb lais ntawm cov Dub hiav txwv thiab lawv tsim lub nroog-states muaj. Slavs tswm Ukraine nyob rau hauv lub thib tsib thiab thib rau ntau pua xyoo AD.

Nyob rau ntawm lub taw tes nyob rau hauv lub cuaj pua, Swedish Vikings cruised raws ntws mus rau hauv tus tub ntxhais ntawm Eastern Europe. Ib txhia ntawm lawv tsawm nyob rau hauv Ukraine. Nyob rau hauv 882 ib tug Viking lub npe Oleg ntes tau Kyiv thiab nws muab mus rau hauv lub capital ntawm ib qho zoo kawg lub xeev. Nyob rau hauv 988 nyob rau hauv Vladimir kuv Ukraine hloov mus rau cov ntseeg Vajtswv.

Xijpeem, nyob rau hauv lub thib kaum ib thiab kaum ob ntau pua xyoo, lub xeev cais mus rau hauv qhov chaw. Piam sij puag ntsoog ntaus nyob rau hauv 1240 thaum lub Mongols, tsav los ntawm Batu, tus tub xeeb ntxwv ntawm Genghis Khan vanquished yav qab teb thiab sab hnub tuaj Ukraine. Xijpeem, sab qaum teb thiab Western Ukraine nyob autonomous kom txog thaum lub kaum plaub xyoo pua qhia thaum nws tau noj los ntawm lub Tug thiab Lithuanians. Lawv cov kauj ruam yog kauj ruam tsav tsheb rov qab rau hauv lub Mongols los yog Tartars. Xijpeem, lub Tartars tseem muaj Crimea thiab nyob rau hauv lub thib kaum tsib xyoo pua, lawv mus nyob rau hauv lub domination ntawm lub Turkish faj tim teb chaws.

Independence hnub ntawm Ukraine / History of Ukraine
Independence hnub ntawm Ukraine / History of Ukraine

Nyob rau hauv lub thib kaum tsib thiab thib kaum rau ntau pua xyoo, ib tug ob peb serfs (qhov chaw ntawm cov qhev thiab freemen) khiav los ntawm Polish proprietors thiab xaiv cov steppes ntawm Ukraine. Lawv hu ua Kozaky (Cossacks), uas txhais tau tias freemen. Lub Cossacks framed tus kheej xyuas tes hauj lwm. Nyob rau hauv lub ntev mus dhia, lawv tuaj koom rau shape Cossack Hetmanate tsav los ntawm ib tug hetman (general). Xijpeem, nyob rau hauv lub lig thib kaum xya xyoo pua Poland tuaj mus hais kom thaj Ukraine thaum Russia kav sab hnub tuaj Ukraine. Nyob rau ntawm lub taw tes nyob rau hauv lub xyoo pua Catherine lub Great, Empress ntawm Russia twb daws rau assimilate sab hnub tuaj Ukraine mus rau hauv Russia.

Lub Cossack Hetmanate twb annulled nyob rau hauv 1764. Nyob rau hauv lub meantime, nyob rau hauv lub xyoo pua Poland twb koos thiab nyob rau hauv 1772-1795 Zog ntawm Guj kuj thiab Austria tau xaiv los ua noj A polish cheeb tsam. Feem ntau ntawm thaj Ukraine tau coj los ntawm Russia (tseg los ntawm ib tug me ntsis sawb nyob rau hauv lub deb sab hnub poob, uas tau mus rau Austria). Thaum ntev ntev nyob rau hauv 1783 Zog ntawm Guj kuj vanquished Crimea. Catherine lub Great zoo li no tsim Odessa.

Thib nees nkaum-Xyoo pua Ukraine

Nyob rau hauv lub puas tawm xyoo dhau, Ukraine yog nkuav nyob rau hauv Lavxias teb sab kev tswj. Xijpeem los ntawm nruab nrab-puas tawm xyoo dhau nationalism kis. Nyob rau hauv 1918 thaum Russia twb nyob nrog ntau tsov rog Ukraine qhov txhab los siv yooj yim rau ib tug nyuag timeframe. Yuav hais tias ua nws yuav, nyob rau hauv 1921 lub Russians constrained Ukraine tig mus ua ib daim ntawm cov Soviet Union.

Independence hnub ntawm Ukraine / History of Ukraine
Independence hnub ntawm Ukraine / History of Ukraine

Stalin xaiv uas homesteads nyob rau hauv Ukraine yuav tsum collectivized. Thaum kawg ntawm lub hnub, tes dej num yuav raug tsis kam lees ntawm lawv ib ncig thiab nyeg tsiaj thiab ua rau sau nyob rau hauv raws li homestead neeg ua hauj lwm mus rau tim ntug tam sim no muaj los ntawm lub xeev. ntawm cov hoob kawm, heev heev Ukrainian neeg ua hauj lwm sharply txwv txawm butchering lawv tus kheej heev nyeg tsiaj raws li txwv mus rau tes nws tshaj mus rau lub xeev. Yuav hais tias ua nws yuav, Stalin twb daws rau phaus lub Ukrainian neeg ua hauj lwm thiab nws tshwm sim los phem phem starvation nyob rau hauv 1932-33 uas twb lub neej ntawm ib tug loj tus naj npawb ntawm kev ncaj ncees rau cov tib neeg. Nyob rau hauv 1932 sau ua ib pawg ranches tau muab lig tsis tsim nyog tus nqi sau. Soviet cai tshaj tawm lawm tias cov neeg uas hlais yuav tsis tau tso cai kom tej grain kom txog rau thaum lawv twb tau ntsib lawv cov nqi. Lawv muaj pov thawj tsis tau, obviously, raws li lawv thiaj li Soviet cov tub ceev xwm yeej tseem zoo reallocated tag nrho cov grain lawv yuav tsum tau tawm hauv lub neeg ua hauj lwm rau tshaib plab. Yuav ua li cas tus xov tooj ntawm cov neeg uas kis tau nyob rau hauv tus txiv neej no-ua starvation yog tsis paub tsis muaj ib tug tsis ntseeg tsis tau tias nws yog feem ntau yuav nyob ib ncig ntawm 7 lab. Qhov no phem phem cuav starvation yog hu ua tus Holodomor.

Xijpeem, Ukraine tus nyiaj ib puas tsav yog tsis tiav lawm. Thaum lub sij hawm 1937-39 Stalin tso ntxuav nyob rau hauv uas heev heev Ukrainians tau tua los yog xa mus rau lub tsev kaw neeg camps. Nyob rau ntawm lub taw tes nyob rau hauv 1941, lub Germans rov. Lawv tua ib tug loj tus naj npawb ntawm Ukrainians. Nyob rau hauv txhua rooj plaub, los ntawm 1943 lub Germans tau poob ua tsov ua rog thiab cov tub rog liab zoo tu qab tso Kyiv rau 6 Kaum ib hlis 1943. Ib tug luv luv lub sij hawm tom qab, Stalin coj cov lus teb tiv thaiv leej twg nws txuam nrog ua traitorous los yog ntawm teaming nrog lub Germans. Tag nrho cov Crimean Tatars raug ntiab tawm.

Independence hnub ntawm Ukraine / History of Ukraine
Independence hnub ntawm Ukraine / History of Ukraine

Nyob rau hauv 1986 muaj ib tug teeb meem ntawm lub atomic fais fab nroj tsuag ntawm Chernobyl. Qhov tshwj xeeb sim los zais kev kub ntxhov thiab nws tshwm sim los ntau kev sib ntxub. Nyob rau hauv lub lig 1980s Ukrainians muab tau progressively chim nrog lub yeej los ntawm Moscow thiab nyob rau hauv 1989 lub RUKH (Ukrainian neeg Movement rau restructuring) twb zoo li tus thiab nyob rau hauv 1990 teev tau tuav.

Nrog rau lub neej puas Communism thiab qhov kev sib cais ntawm lub Soviet Union nyob rau hauv 1991 Ukraine tsis tau dua qhov txhab los siv yooj yim. Notwithstanding, qhov kev hloov los ntawm socialism rau Capitalism yog ib tug excruciating ib. Ukraine tau nyiaj dhau los siab o thiab ntsig txog lwj rau tej xyoo. Xijpeem monetary txoj kev loj hlob, nyob rau hauv lub kawg, pib ib zaug ntxiv.

21st Xyoo pua Ukraine

Independence hnub ntawm Ukraine / History of Ukraine
Independence hnub ntawm Ukraine / History of Ukraine

Cov kev hloov los ntawm kev siab phem mus pov npav raws li system zoo li no tsis tau mus yooj yim. Nyob rau hauv lig 2004 Viktor Yanukovych yeej ib thawj tswj haiv neeg. Xijpeem, heev heev cov tib neeg txais cov haiv neeg twb tsau thiab los ntawm UFW ntawm cov lwm competitor Viktor Yushchenko tuav showings rau 10 hnub. Nyob rau hauv lub kawg, ib tug rerun twb tuav thiab Yushchenko raug xaiv. Nws loj mus rau kab tus thawj tswj hwm txoj cai tawm hauv lub puav nyob rau hauv 2005. Qhov no yog hu ua tus kab ntxwv kiv puag ncig. Ukraine tau nyiaj dhau los gravely nyob rau hauv cov nyiaj txiag downturn ntawm 2008-2009. Nyob rau hauv txhua rooj plaub, uas yog transitory thiab Ukraine recouped.

Independence hnub ntawm Ukraine / History of Ukraine
Independence hnub ntawm Ukraine / History of Ukraine

Nyob rau hauv 2013 thiab 2014 ib tug influx ntawm teev tshem crosswise tshaj Ukraine thaum Thawj Tswj Hwm Yanukovych tso tseg ib tug koom pheej yig nrog lub EU. Nyob rau hauv Lub ob hlis ntuj 2014 lub Ukrainian parliament nrum ib daim ntawv xaiv tsa rau ntiab tawm Yanukovych los ntawm hwj chim. Tom qab tshiab haiv neeg, Petro Poroshenko loj mus rau kab tus thawj coj ntawm Ukraine. Niaj hnub no tus xov tooj ntawm inhabitants nyob rau hauv Ukraine yog 44 lab.

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