Dan neovisnosti Urugvaja
August 25th is commended as the Independence Day of Uruguay. Situated toward the east of Uruguay River, Uruguay got its name because of its geographic area just as for notable reasons. It’s called Orientals, although it’s arranged on the Western side of the equator. Uruguay, otherwise called Banda Oriental, was before the settlement of Spain.
Uruguay, the littlest nation in South America, is situated in the southern piece of the landmass, settled among Brazil and Argentina along 220 kilometers of Atlantic coastline. The nation is perceived as having one of the more diverse social orders in Latin America, displaying a rich European legacy, a wide assortment of imaginative and social attractions, and one of the most dynamic instructive frameworks in the area. These qualities, among others, have earned Uruguay the title, the “Switzerland of South America.” Its mellow atmosphere, unobtrusive mountain ranges (Cuchilla de Haedo and Cuchilla Grande), and welcoming vacation destinations make Uruguay prominent among explorers from the Western Hemisphere and Europe. In the same way as other different zones of South America, the land that was to wind up known as Uruguay was once involved by indigenous populaces, most strikingly the Charruas. At the point when Spanish pioneers, looking for watercourse between the Atlantic and Pacific seas, at first cast grapple in Uruguay during the 1500s, they were assaulted and executed by the Charruas. Later entries of Spanish pilgrims along Uruguay’s coastline curbed the Charruas and built up rewarding cultivating and farming destinations in the region. The extension of the Portuguese from Brazil, be that as it may, represented a risk to Spain’s business advantages, and the following quite a long while would observer a proceeded with a military battle among Spanish and Portuguese powers.
U 1516 a Spaniard named Juan Diaz de Solis turned into the main European to achieve Uruguay. In the sixteenth century, the Spanish took Argentina while Portugal took Brazil. What is currently Uruguay was between them however its absence of mineral riches implied that for quite a while the two nations checked out it. Anyway, u 1726 the Spanish took Uruguay established Montevideo. U 1776 Uruguay turned out to be a piece of the competition for the sovereignty of La Plata. U 1811 the general population of Uruguay defied Spanish principle driven by Jose Gervasio Artigas. Anyway in 1821 Brazil attached Uruguay. Anyway, Uruguay, at last, ended up autonomous in 1828. Uruguay picked up a constitution in 1830.
Tragically in 1839, Uruguay wound up entangled in a sad common war between Blancos (Whites) and Colorados (Reds). U 1852 the Colorados assumed responsibility for Uruguay. At that point in 1865-1870, Uruguay joined Brazil and Argentina in a war against Paraguay.
In the later piece of the nineteenth century, the number of inhabitants in Uruguay ascended the same number of settlers originated from Europe and the economy created. Sheep cultivating turned out to be significant and by 1900 the number of inhabitants in Uruguay had ascended to 1 million. U 1903 Jose Batlle y Ordonez progressed toward becoming the leader of Uruguay. He was president from 1903 do 1903 and again from 1911-1915. Ordonez was a reformer and he presented a welfare state in Uruguay. U 1932 ladies in Uruguay were given the privilege to cast a ballot.
Uruguay stayed impartial during the Second World War. At that point during the 1950s, the cost of fleece fell and the economy of Uruguay endured. During the 1960s a Marxist urban guerilla development called the Tupamaros started working in Uruguay. At long last in 1973, the military held onto control in an overthrow. The military tyranny in Uruguay went on for a long time. In the mid-1980s Uruguay endured a monetary emergency and there were numerous dissents against the system in 1984. At long last in 1985, Uruguay came back to non-military personnel rule. Thriving came back to Uruguay until 1999 when a retreat started. It went on until 2002. Anyway, the economy at that point developed once more.
Today the number of inhabitants in Uruguay is 3.4 million. Even though Uruguay’s territory mass is little—just 187,000 square kilometers, contrasted with a lot bigger regions of Argentina and Brazil—the personal satisfaction in this minor nation is high. Roughly 90 percent of the nation’s 3.2 million individuals live in urban regions; the vast majority of these dwell in the capital city of Montevideo. The nation brags one the most minimal newborn child death rates on the planet, a future rate paralleling that of the United States, and an amazing grown-up education rate of 97 percent among its moderately low populace thickness. Despite the fact that the nation’s economy has fallen behind its neighbors’ once in a while before, it’s agrarian, hydropower, mineral, angling, and the travel industry enterprises have supported it through its moderate occasions. Uruguay appreciates exceedingly intuitive monetary and political associations with its South American neighbors and with nations abroad, exchanging regularly with Brazil, Argentina, the United States, Germany, and Italy. The national money is the Uruguayan peso.
Individuals of Uruguay (Uruguayans) have a one of a kind social history. While a large number of the natives distinguish themselves as “white,” their genealogies can be followed to various starting points, including Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, mestizo, Amerindian, and African-Uruguayan. Spanish is the official national language, albeit Portuguese, Brazilero (a Spanish-Portuguese blend), English, French, German, and Italian are spoken generally in the Montevideo metropolitan region. This phonetic assorted variety is reflected in the wide scope of aesthetic outlets found in Uruguay, including theater, the visual expressions, music, writing, and verse. Oko 66% of the populace is Roman Catholic; Judaism, Protestantism, and different religions represent the nation’s different religious inclinations.
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