Independence hnub Pakistan

Independence hnub Pakistan
Independence hnub Pakistan
Independence hnub Pakistan
Independence hnub Pakistan

Independence hnub saib txhua txhua xyoo nyob rau hauv 14 Lub yim hli ntuj, yog ib lub teb chaws cov nyiaj so koobtsheej nyob rau hauv Pakistan. Nws yeej pom tau tias hnub twg thaum twg Pakistan tiav kev ywj pheej thiab tau tshaj tawm ib tug sovereign xeev nram qab no lub finish ntawm lub British Raj nyob rau hauv 1947. Pakistan nyob vim hais tias ntawm lub Pakistan Movement, uas mus rau zus tau tej cov ib tug dawb Muslim lub xeev nyob rau hauv sab qaum teb-western locales ntawm South Asia siv khiav cov parcel. Txoj kev loj hlob tau tsav los ntawm lub All-Is Nrias teb Muslim League raws li cov cai ntawm Muhammad Ali Jinnah. Lub sij hawm no twb xa los ntawm lub Indian Independence Act 1947 nyob rau hauv uas lub British Raj muaj kev ywj pheej rau lub ntiaj teb ntawm Pakistan uas muaj West Pakistan (tam sim no-hnub Pakistan) thiab East Pakistan (presently Bangladesh). Nyob rau hauv lub Islamic sij hawm, lub hnub ntawm kev ywj pheej pom nrog Ramadan 27, lub tswv yim uas, ua Laylat al-Qadr, yog saib raws li dawb huv los ntawm cov Muslims.

Independence hnub Pakistan
Independence hnub Pakistan

Lub hauv paus ntsiab lus Independence hnub muaj nuj nqi tshwm sim nyob rau hauv Islamabad, qhov twg hauv lub teb chaws banner yog tsa nyob rau cov Medal thiab Parliament lug. Nws yog trailed los ntawm lub teb chaws song ntawm kev rau siab thiab nyob tshaj tawm hauv xov cov lus hais los ntawm cov tho kev. Qhov celebratory zaus thiab merriments rau lub hnub teeb banner-raising kev pab, marches, social zaus, thiab cov kev ua si ntawm devoted tunes. Ntau yawm cov kev pab cuam muaj tsis tu ncua dai rau hnub no, thiab Pakistanis nqa lub teb chaws banner rau lawv lub tsev los yog qhia nws unmistakably rau lawv cov tsheb thiab hnav khaub ncaws.

Foundation

Ib tug stamp, dawb tawm ntawm lub xub ntiag, nrog Pakistan lub teb chaws banner rau nws thiab “Independence ib” sau nyob rau hauv tawm thiab ntawv qaij, nyob rau hauv ntsuab shading, ib tug “kev kho” quaj tawv heev sau nyob rau hauv qhov tsaus ntuj nti shading, hauv qab lub banner

Pem hauv ntej ntawm ib tug hauj lwm daim ntawv qhia; “Independence Ib Series” los ntawm qhov xovxwm ntaub ntawv Department of Pakistan, nyob rau hauv 1948 nyob rau hauv kev twb kev txuas mus rau lub teb chaws tus thawj ywj siab hnub uas tau qhuas rau 15 Lub yim hli ntuj 1948.

Independence hnub Pakistan
Independence hnub Pakistan

Lub chaw uas zoo heev tsim kom Pakistan yog verifiably ib daim ntawm cov British Indian faj tim teb chaws tag nrho los ntawm ib tug zoo kawg ib feem ntawm lub puas tawm xyoo. Lub East Is Nrias teb tuam txhab pib lawv pauv South Asia nyob rau hauv lub thib kaum xya xyoo pua, thiab lub koom haum hauv paus ntsiab lus pib nyob rau hauv 1757 thaum lawv yeej sib ntaus sib tua ntawm Plassey. Ua raws li cov Indian Rebellion ntawm 1857, tsoom fwv ntawm Is Nrias teb Act 1858 sim hawm caij nyoog lub British Crown txais ncaj qha cai tshaj ib tug zoo ib feem ntawm lub Indian subcontinent. Tag nrho cov-Is Nrias teb Muslim League yog tsim los pab los ntawm cov tag nrho cov Is Nrias teb Muhammadan Educational sablaj ntawm Dhaka, nyob rau hauv 1906, nrog regards mus rau lub tej yam kev mob uas tau ua dua lub division ntawm Bengal nyob rau hauv 1905 thiab lub sib sau ua ke mus rau tsim ntawm ib tug txawv Muslim lub xeev.

Lub sij hawm tom qab lub ntiaj teb no ua tsov ua rog kuv tau tsa los ntawm British hloov, piv txwv li, lub Montagu-Chelmsford kho, Txawm li cas los, nws ntxiv pom lub tsev ntawm lub loj heev Rowlatt Act thiab strident hu rau nws tus kheej-txoj cai los ntawm Indian activists. Lub thoob plaws lub rooj tsavxwm discontent ntawm lub sij hawm no solidified rau hauv teb chaws muaj kev thaj yeeb uas tsis yog-kev koom tes thiab cov ua tsis raws. Cov kev xav rau ib tug txawv Muslim lub xeev nyob rau hauv lub qaum teb hnub poob locales ntawm South Asia twb hais los ntawm Allama Iqbal nyob rau hauv nws discourse li cov thawj coj ntawm cov Muslim League nyob rau hauv lub Kaum Ob Hlis 1930. Tom qab peb xyoos, lub npe ntawm “Pakistan” raws li ib tug sib txawv xeev twb npaj siab nyob rau hauv ib tug txoj lus pom zoo los ntawm Choudhary Rahmat Ali, raws li ib tug tsiaj ntawv. Nws yog koom nrog rau lub tsib “sab qaum teb units” ntawm Punjab, Afghani (yav dhau los North-West Frontier xeev), Kashmir, yog, thiab Baluchistan. Zoo li Iqbal, Bengal twb cia nyob ib leeg rau lub taub Tawvv los ntawm Rahmat Ali.

Independence hnub Pakistan
Independence hnub Pakistan

Thaum lub sij hawm lub 1940s, raws li cov Indian ywj siab txoj kev loj hlob heightened, ib tug upsurge ntawm Muslim nationalism helmed los ntawm lub All-Is Nrias teb Muslim League tshwm sim, ntawm uas Muhammad Ali Jinnah yog tus tshaj plaws ntug pioneer. Yog ib tug ideological pab pawg neeg kom paub tseeb cov kev txaus siab ntawm cov Muslim diaspora nyob rau hauv British Is Nrias teb, lub Muslim League assumed ib unequivocal txoj hauj lwm thaum lub sij hawm lub 1940s nyob rau hauv lub Indian ywj siab txoj kev loj hlob thiab tsim rau hauv lub ntsiab thrust qab tus txiav txim siab ntawm Pakistan raws li ib tug Muslim lub xeev nyob rau hauv South Asia. Thaum lub sij hawm ib tug peb-hnub kev sib kho ntawm Tag nrho cov-Is Nrias teb Muslim League ntawm 22-24 Lub peb hlis ntuj 1940, ib tug formal nom tswv piav tau tshaaj, lub npe hu ua lub Lahore Resolution, uas mus rau tsim ntawm ib tug dawb lub xeev rau Muslims. Nyob rau hauv 1956, 23 Lub peb hlis ntuj ntxiv tig mus rau hauv lub hnub nyob rau hauv uas Pakistan hloov los ntawm ib tug lub teb chaws mus rau ib tug koom pheej, thiab yog lub npe hu ua Pakistan hnub.

Independence

Independence hnub Pakistan
Independence hnub Pakistan

Nyob rau hauv 1946, lub Labor tsoom fwv nyob rau hauv teb chaws Aas Kiv, depleted los ntawm kev tu ncua lub sij hawm ntawd, piv txwv li, Ntiaj teb ua tsov ua rog II thiab ntau yam uproars, to taub hais tias nws muaj tej nuj nqis qhov hais kom ua nyob rau hauv tsev, kev pab chaw, los yog cov dependability ntawm lub British Indian Army rau cov tswv yim los tswj ib tug undeniably xav British Is Nrias teb. Lub unwavering zoo ntawm lub zos powers rau tswv yim nrog rau lawv cov kev cai tshaj ib tug undeniably insubordinate Is Nrias teb ntxub, yog li tus thawj coj tau xaiv los ua xaus lub British hauv paus ntsiab lus ntawm cov Indian subcontinent. Nyob rau hauv 1946, lub Indian National Congress, yog ib tug mainstream tog, thov ib tug keev xeeb lub xeev. Cov Muslim hom qhov chaw, leej twg yuav pab tsis tau ua tsis muaj ib zaug xwb lub xeev, teem rau cov tau ntawm ib tug txawv Pakistan li ib lwm txoj. Cov 1946 Txee lub hom phiaj mus Is Nrias teb twb raug xa mus sim mus cuag ib tug trade-off cov Congress thiab cov Muslim League, thov ib tug decentralized lub xeev uas muaj ntau npaum li cas muab lub hwj chim rau cov neeg zej zog tsoom fwv, Txawm li cas los, nws twb tso los ntawm ob qho tib si ntawm cov gatherings thiab coj txog ntau yam mobs nyob rau hauv South Asia.

Independence hnub Pakistan
Independence hnub Pakistan

Nyob rau hauv lub ntev mus dhia, nyob rau hauv Lub ob hlis ntuj 1947, Prime Minister Clement Attlee tshaj tawm tias tus British tsoom fwv yuav cia tag nrho nws tus kheej-cov thawj coj mus British Is Nrias teb los ntawm Lub rau hli ntuj 1948 nyob rau feem ntau tsis ntev los no. Nyob rau 3 Lub rau hli ntuj 1947, lub British tsoom fwv tshaj tawm hais tias cov kev cai ntawm kev faib ntawm British Is Nrias teb mus rau hauv ob yooj yim lub xeev twb muaj leej twg paub. Lub successor tsoom fwv yuav muab liaj ia tebchaws raws li txoj cai thiab yuav muaj ib tug tej yam koob hmoov tawm ntawm lub British tebchaws. Emissary Mountbatten khaws 15 Lub yim hli ntuj, tus thib ob koobtsheej uas nco txog Nyiv lub muab nyob rau hauv lub ntiaj teb no ua tsov ua rog II, raws li cov hnub uas qhov kev siv tawm. nws khaws 14 Lub yim hli ntuj raws li cov hnub uas cov kev pab cuam ntawm kev siv txav mus rau Pakistan txij li thaum nws yuav tsum tau mus rau lub zog nyob rau hauv lub ob Is Nrias teb thiab Pakistan.

Independence hnub Pakistan
Independence hnub Pakistan

Lub Indian Independence Act 1947 (10 thiab 11 Geo 6 c. 30) ploj mus los ntawm lub Parliament ntawm lub tebchaws United Kingdom cais British Is Nrias teb mus rau hauv lub ob tug tshiab autonomous territories; lub ntiaj teb ntawm Is Nrias teb (tom qab tig mus rau hauv lub koom pheej ntawm Is Nrias teb) thiab lub ntiaj teb ntawm Pakistan (tom qab tig mus rau hauv lub Islamic koom pheej ntawm Pakistan). Cov qauv qhia muab ib feem rau division ntawm lub Tsov nplooj suab thiab Punjab chaw nruab nrab ntawm ob haiv neeg (saib lub ya ntawm Is Nrias teb), lub hauv paus ntawm lub chaw ua hauj lwm ntawm tus tswv xeev-General, muab cov tiav authoritative cov kws muaj txuj raws li qhov nyias muaj nyias kev Constituent sibtham, thiab sib faib ntawm ob leeg tej khoom vaj tse ntawm cov ob tug tshiab lub teb chaws. Txoj cai tom qab tau illustrious tso cai rau 18 Lub Xya hli ntuj 1947. Lub ya tau tuaj koom los ntawm tsiv mobs thiab loj setbacks, thiab lub dislodging ntawm yuav luag 15 lab cov neeg vim hais tias kev cai dab qhuas kev ntxub ntxaug tshaj lub subcontinent; ib tug loj tus naj npawb ntawm cov Muslim, Sikh thiab Hindu neeg khiav tsev trekked cov nyuam qhuav attracted fringes rau Pakistan thiab India cais nyob rau hauv lub hlis encompassing kev ywj pheej. Nyob rau 14 Lub yim hli ntuj 1947, tus tshiab dominion Pakistan twb tuaj siv yooj yim thiab Muhammad Ali Jinnah twb paub tseeb hais tias raws li nws cov thawj sawv cev kev nyob rau hauv Karachi. Independence twb tsa nrog thoob plaws lub rooj tsavxwm festivity, tsis tau cov ib puag ncig nyob sov so muab cov mobs predominant thaum lub sij hawm ywj siab nyob rau hauv 1947.

Lub hnub ntawm kev ywj pheej

Independence hnub Pakistan
Independence hnub Pakistan

Txij li thaum cov kev pauv ntawm kev siv tshwm sim nyob rau lub ib tag hmo ntawm 14 thiab 15 Lub yim hli ntuj, lub Indian Independence Act 1947 ntaus nqi 15 Lub yim hli ntuj raws li lub hnub yug ntawm ob Pakistan thiab India. Cov qauv qhia lub xeev;

Raws li ntawm lub thib kaum tsib hnub ntawm lub yim hli ntuj, kaum cuaj puas thiab plaub caug xya, ob autonomous txoj kev uas kav yuav tau teem caij nyob rau hauv Is Nrias teb, yuav tsum tau xa mus rau nyias raws li Is Nrias teb thiab Pakistan.

Lub hom memorial nqi xa ntawv nyiaj muas ntawm lub teb chaws, tawm nyob rau hauv Lub Xya hli ntuj 1948, ntxiv muab 15 Lub yim hli ntuj 1947 raws li cov kev ywj pheej hnub, lawm nyob rau hauv consequent xyoo 14 Lub yim hli ntuj twb embraced li lub ywj pheej hnub. Qhov no yog vim hais tias Mountbatten tswj lub ywj pheej cog lus rau Jinnah rau lub kaum plaub, ua ntej tawm rau Is Nrias teb qhov twg cov lus cog tseg twb booked nyob rau ib tag hmo ntawm lub thib kaum tsib. Cov yav tsaus ntuj ntawm 14-15 Lub yim hli ntuj 1947 corresponded nrog 27 Ramadan 1366 ntawm lub Islamic sij hawm, uas Muslims saib raws li ib tug fij hmo ntuj.

Official festivals

Independence hnub Pakistan
Independence hnub Pakistan

Cov kev ywj pheej hnub yog ib tug ntawm rau pej xeem cov hnub caiv pom nyob rau hauv Pakistan thiab yog commended rau tag nrho cov txoj kev hla lub teb chaws. Yuav kom npaj txhij thiab daws designs rau kev ywj pheej hnub festivities, gatherings muaj nyob rau hauv cov capitals los ntawm zej zog cov nom tswv uas yuav ploj mus rau los ntawm tsoom fwv cov tub ceev xwm, negotiators, thiab legislators. Public koom haum ua teb, instructive lag, thiab tsoom fwv cov kev sib cais txheeb tawm kev kawm, kev ua si rivalries, thiab kev sib raug zoo thiab kev sib raug zoo ce paving txoj kev mus rau lub ywj pheej hnub. Nyob rau hauv Karachi, drives pib los ntxuav thiab teem lub Mazar-e-Quaid (Jinnah Mausoleum) rau lub Success.

Public festivals

Independence hnub Pakistan
Independence hnub Pakistan

Raws li qhov ntev stretch ntawm lub yim hli ntuj pib, cim qeeb, funfairs thiab cov khw yog teem lub teb chaws tshaj rau lub closeout ntawm lub teb chaws banners, buntings, pennants thiab cov ntaub ntawv, identifications, duab ntawm lub teb chaws cov neeg ntseeg, lub xub ntiag thiab lub suab thiab lwm yam celebratory yam. tsheb, private lug, tsev, thiab txoj kev yuav kho kom zoo nrog lub teb chaws banners, taws tswm ciab, roj teeb, chij, thiab buntings. Cov koom haum muab feem nyob rau hauv txhij txhua los txhawb, raws li tsav tsheb kws kes duab vajtse tsim outlets uas Tshuag ywj siab-themed attire, gems, thiab nws tus kheej-embellishments.

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