Independence hnub lub Central African koom pheej

Independence hnub lub Central African koom pheej
Independence hnub lub Central African koom pheej
Independence hnub lub Central African koom pheej
Independence hnub lub Central African koom pheej

Lub focal African koom pheej, landlocked lub teb chaws nyob rau hauv lub focal point ntawm teb chaws Africa. Lub cheeb tsam uas yog tam sim no lub Central African koom pheej tau pom tau zoo los nyob rau hauv tej kev tshwm sim 8,000 xyoo. Qhov tseem raws sijhawm neeg yog cov yuav predecessors rau tam sim no aka (Pygmy) neeg pawg, uas nyob rau hauv lub sab hnub poob thiab sab qab teb forested cheeb tsam tsev ntawm lub teb chaws. Tus qhev xeev ntawm Dar al-Kuti koom tes nrog cov sab qaum teb yog hom twg kom txog thaum lub cheeb tsam sib txawv ntawm cov Central African koom pheej coj nyob rau hauv Fabkis lub xeev tus qauv lig nyob rau hauv lub puas tawm xyoo dhau. Provincial hau txhawb ib co haiv neeg gatherings tshaj lwm leej lwm tus, nqa txog kev nom kev tswv kev sib tw uas tseem tom qab txoj kev ywj pheej nyob rau hauv 1960. Tom qab lub sij hawm ntawm ntau teeb meem thiab tyrannical tsoom fwv, nrog rau cov hais tsis zoo system ntawm lub thiaj li hu ua huab tais Bokassa kuv (uas renamed lub teb chaws lub Central African faj tim teb chaws), lub teb chaws teem tawm nyob rau hauv ib chav kawm ntawm feem ntau cov kev cai uas tau nyom, mus rau ntawm finish ntawm lub thib nees nkaum xyoo pua, los ntawm interethnic ntau tsov rog nyob rau hauv neighboring haiv neeg cia li los ntawm endeavored overthrows d'état. Nws sab sab ntawm kev sib raug kev kub ntxhov thiab tsiv loyalties cov battling Cheebtsam ntawm lub hwj chim ntsis-sab saum toj, lub teb chaws cov pej xeem hais ib co lus ib lub xeev adage, “Thaum ntxhw sib ntaus sib tua, cov nyom endures; thaum ntxhw ua hlub, cov nyom tseem ua siab ntev.”

Lub capital nroog ntawm Bangui, tsim raws li ib tug Fabkis txoj sib post-1889, kis ntawm tus ntug dej ntawm lub Ubangi dej. Lom nyob rau hauv lub xeev zaus raws li ib tug ntawm cov feem ntau qab ntxiag cheeb tsam nroog nyob rau hauv central Africa, Bangui hmoov sib tov lush slopes thiab ntsuab knolls nrog quaj tawv heev populated shantytowns, ib tug txaus nyiam, yog hais tias tam sim no rau ib co degree xa ua dab tsi hauv plawv nroog cheeb tsam thiab tam sim no ntiav chaw. Txawm tias muaj tseeb hais tias ntaus thiab curfews nquag nqa lub nroog mus rau ib tug nres, Bangui siab tus nquag nightlife thiab ib tug txawv kab lis kev cai melodic.

Av

Independence hnub lub Central African koom pheej
Independence hnub lub Central African koom pheej

Cov Central African koom pheej yog feem ntau qhov luaj li cas ntawm Fabkis thiab yog flanked los ntawm Chad mus rau sab qaum teb, Sudan thiab South Sudan mus rau sab qaum teb thiab sab hnub tuaj, lub koom pheej ywj pheej ntawm cov Congo (Kinshasa) thiab cov koom pheej ntawm cov Congo (Brazzaville) mus rau sab qab teb, thiab Cameroon mus rau sab hnub poob. lub capital, Bangui, yog cov txheej txheem ntawm nyob rau hauv lub yav qab teb tsis pub tshaj, zoo li tus los ntawm cov Ubangi dej, ib tug tributary ntawm tus hav dej Congo.

pab, pov tseg, thiab xau

Cov Central African koom pheej muaj ib tug gigantic mus theem uas ntas, raws li ib ncov hais tias cov qauv southwest rau sab sauv sab hnub tuaj, qhov tiag pov tseg muab faib nruab nrab ntawm lub pas dej Chad thiab Congo dej tais. Lub teb chaws yog heev npaum li cas muab conduits. Tributaries ntawm lub Chari dej koom nrog sab qaum teb feem peb ntawm lub teb chaws tus sau. Cov nyob 66% ntawm lub chaw uas zoo heev depletes southward mus rau hauv lub Ubangi dej, uas lug lub Central African koom pheej lub yav qab teb fringe nrog Congo (Kinshasa).

Cov loj loj focal teb sawv maj mam nyob rau hauv lub qaum sab hnub tuaj mus rau lub bongos (bongo) massif, ncab tawm mus rau ib tug sawv ntawm 4,360 taw (1,330 meters) ntawm Mount Toussoro, thiab mus rau lub Tondo Massif nyob rau hauv lub sab hnub tuaj. Nyob rau hauv lub sab hnub poob lawv tshoom mus rau lub siab pob zeb uas muaj lub Karre Toj siab, tau raws li luag 4,625 taw (1,410 meters) ntawm Mount Ngaoui, lub teb chaws tus feem ntau noteworthy point, ua ntej koos eastbound rau hauv sandstone theem. Nyob rau hauv sab qaum teb, lub feem ntau noteworthy roob yog cov uas tus Dar Challa khiav, uas tshoom rau 4,350 taw (1,326 meters) ntawm Mount Ngaya nyob ze rau qhov outskirt nrog Sudan. Nyob rau hauv sab qab teb yog ib tug dawb txiav los ntawm ntau yam ntws.

cua

Ib tug ntub savanna cua yeej nyob rau hauv sab qaum teb thiab ib tug central zoov tsam nyob rau hauv sab qab teb. Thaum lub sij hawm tsaus ntuj nti rau lub caij (los ntawm Lub peb hlis ntuj Lub kaum hli ntuj los yog lub kaum ib hlis) ntau yam pauv loj rainstorms tshwm sim suab hnub los ntawm hnub, thiab thaum ntxov thaum sawv ntxov pos huab yog ib txwm. Feem ntau cov huab txhua xyoo nag lossis daus yog 71 nti (1,800 hli), tshwm sim los ntawm Lub yim hli ntuj mus rau lub Cuaj hlis rau hauv lub Upper Ubangi chaw, thiab nyob rau hauv lub Karre Toj siab txhua xyoo los nag midpoints 59 nti (1,500 hli). Thaum lub sij hawm no lub sij hawm ntawm southwestern cua daj cua dub (downpour kabmob) cua, lub txhua hnub kub sau qhov chaw nyob rau hauv lub chav 66 thiab 86 ° F (19 thiab 30 ° C).

Lub caij ntuj qhuav-coj los ntawm tus northeastern pauv cua, hu ua lub harmattan-by thiab loj pib nyob rau hauv Lub kaum hli ntuj thiab finishes nyob rau hauv Lub ob hlis ntuj Lub peb hlis ntuj los yog. Cov huab cua yog qhuav, kub thiab txias khiav qhov chaw nyob rau hauv lub chav 64 thiab 104 ° F (18 thiab 40 ° C); nws yog sov thaum lub sij hawm hnub tsis tau ho txias nyob ib ncig ntawm yav tsaus ntuj lub sij hawm. Lub skies yog feem ntau ntshiab. Plua plav los nag thiab residue tempests tshwm sim nyob rau hauv lub extraordinary sab qaum teb.

Nroj tsuag thiab tsiaj lub neej

Independence hnub lub Central African koom pheej
Independence hnub lub Central African koom pheej

Lub teb chaws dag rau ib tug twg zoo kawg thiab nyob rau hauv lub savanna cheeb tsam ntawm teb chaws Africa. Lub sab qaum teb yog ib feem yog treeless, tab sis yog rau yav qab teb ya ntawm lub teb chaws muaj tuab tauj rainforests, tshwj xeeb tshaj yog raws Ubangi thiab Sangha waterways. Ib tug dav uas duav txhua yam ntawm cov nroj tsuag muaj peev xwm yuav nrhiav tau nyob rau hauv lub savannas, los ntawm ib tug tsis txaus, qhuav spell thiab fireproof ntoo thiab fab mus nce lush zaub pem hav zoov ze waterways thiab ntws.

Heev heev hom gazelle, cia li raws li liab, qus twm, thiab ntxhw, yog pom nyob rau hauv lub savannas; muaj ntxiv Woodland ntxhw, uas yog littler tshaj li cov neeg nyob rau hauv lub savanna. Thaum-ntau yam tsaus ntuj nti rhinoceroses uas tam sim no tsis tshua muaj tshwm, lub casualties ntawm overhunting. Nyob rau hauv lub rainforests, ib tug ho ntau noteworthy assorted ntau yam ntawm untamed lub neej tshwm sim, xws li gorillas, chimpanzees, thiab txawv liab, Panthers, thiab lub jeopardized bongo eland. Waterways muaj heev heev hom ntses, crocodiles, thiab hippopotamuses. Ib tug nplua nuj thiab hloov birdlife-txawm heev heev assortments ntawm snakes, puav, thiab kab, xws li heev heev kaj butterflies thiab npaub-ua rau lub cheeb tsam zoologically ib qho ntawm feem kev nyob rau hauv teb chaws Africa.

Muaj ob peb lub teb chaws chaw ua si thiab untamed lub neej tuas, xws li Bamingui-Bangoran National Park nyob rau hauv sab qaum teb, Manovo-Gounda-St. Floris National Park (lub ntiaj teb cuab yeej cuab tam site txij li thaum 1988) rau hauv lub Upper sab hnub tuaj, Zemongo faunal Reserve nyob rau hauv lub sab hnub tuaj, thiab Dzanga-Ndoki National Park thiab Dzanga-Sangha Tshwj xeeb Tuab hav zoov cia, ob qho tib si nyob rau hauv lub southwest.

Cov tib neeg

Watchmen Keeb kwm

Lub focal African koom pheej

Lub focal African koom pheej

banner ntawm cov Central African koom pheej

Lub teb chaws zaj nkauj qhuas ntawm lub Central African koom pheej

Authority LUB NPE

Central African koom pheej (Central African koom pheej)

Hom NTAWM TSOOM FWV

ib tug multiparty koom pheej nrog ib tug ntawv pov tsev (National Assembly [140])1

LUB TAUB HAU NTAWM LUB XEEV

Thawj Tswj Hwm: Faustin-Archange Touadéra

LUB TAUB HAU NTAWM TSOOM FWV

Lub taub hau neeg khiav dej num: Firmin Ngrébada

LOJ

Bangui

NTAUB LANGUAGES

Independence hnub lub Central African koom pheej
Independence hnub lub Central African koom pheej

Fabkis; Sango

NTAUB kev cai dab qhuas

tsis muaj leej twg

Kaum Ob Lub Hlis UNIT

CFA franc (CFAF)

pej xeem

(2018 yog.) 4,737,000

pej xeem nyob qib

(2018) 123

pej xeem projection 2030

6,124,000

tsis CHEEB TSAM (sq mi)

240,324

tsis CHEEB TSAM (sq KM)

622,436

thickness: NEEG IB sq ntawm lub npe nruab nrab

(2018) 19.7

thickness: NEEG IB sq KM

(2018) 7.6

NROOG-Nyob deb nroog cov pejxeem

Huv: (2018) 41.4%

Lub teb chaws: (2018) 58.6%

Yav tom ntej AT YUG

Txiv neej: (2017) 51.4 xyoo

Poj niam: (2017) 54.2 xyoo

Kev Kawm Ntawv: Feem pua ​​ntawm cov pejxeem HNUB NYOOG 15 THIAB DUA literate

Txiv neej: (2015) 50.7%

Poj niam: (2015) 24.4%

GNI (U.S. $ ‘000,000)

(2017) 1,805

GNI ib capita (U.S. $)

(2017) 390

1Tom qab ib tug revolutionary nres lawm nyob rau hauv qhov qaug dab peg ntawm lub capital rau Lub peb hlis ntuj 24, 2013, tus thawj tswj hwm khiav lub teb chaws, cov kevcai tswj tau tshem tawm, thiab lub teb chaws los ua ke twb tawg down. Ib tug ntawm lub sij hawm lub koom haum twb qhia nyob rau lub yim hli ntuj 18, 2013. Ib tug haum xaiv tus thawj tswj hwm tau qhia nyob rau Lub peb hlis ntuj 30, 2016, thiab lwm thawj lub npe hu ua nyob rau hnub tim 2.

Tsheb thauj mus los thiab kev sib txuas lus xov xwm

Independence hnub lub Central African koom pheej
Independence hnub lub Central African koom pheej

Muaj tsis muaj tam sim ntawd nkag mus rau lub hiav txwv, tsis muaj kev tsheb ciav hlau, thiab cia li nyob ib ncig ntawm 400 mais (600 km) ntawm tshem txoj kev, tsiv khoom thiab cov neeg yog heev puab. Ib txhia ua lag ua luam mus raws unpaved txoj kev, tsis tau lub teb chaws nyob rau conduits (lub Ubangi thiab txawv waterways) rau xov xwm thiab cov lag luam tawm. Nyob ib ncig ntawm tsib-sevenths ntawm lub ntiaj teb no pauv yog xa los ntawm waterway. Muaj nyob ib ncig ntawm 4,400 mais (7,000 km) ntawm dej conduits, Txawm li cas los, cia li ib co ob-fifths ntawm cov muaj kev ruaj ntseg. Lub Ubangi-center Congo Hoob no yog lub zoo tib yam universal tsheb thauj mus los txuas nrog rau lub ntiaj teb sab nraum. Hoob no yog traversable feem coob ntawm cov lub xyoo los ntawm Bangui rau Brazzaville, Congo, thiab los ntawm point, khoom muag yog thauj los ntawm kev tsheb nqaj hlau mus Congo lub Atlantic chaw nres nkoj ntawm Pointe-Noire.

Lub ntsiab ntiaj teb no huab cua davhlau ya nyob twg yog nyob Bangui-Mpoko. Muaj ob peb lub xeev lub dav hlau terminals thiab heev heev txawv airstrips, albeit sab hauv administrations yog unpredictable, contingent li ib tug problematic mov ntawm lub davhlau roj.

Ib tug private tshaj tawm hauv xov sib txuas lus koom haum presently sau ib lub zos Internet thiab email thawj coj. Tsis yog tej yam Central Africans muaj tsev nkag tau mus rau tej administrations, Txawm li cas los, heev heev huv xauj tau txwv kev nkag tau mus rau ntawm cov bistros.

Tsoom fwv Thiab Society

Watchmen Keeb kwm

Muaj feem xyuam xai

Cov kev cai lij choj raws li Koom pheej uas tus Congo

Chari dej

Koom pheej uas tus Congo

Ouham dej

Boumbé II dej

Ubangi dej

Banner ntawm lub Central African koom pheej

Cameroon

Kav lub Kuj Army

Kotto dej

dawb huv system

Independence hnub lub Central African koom pheej
Independence hnub lub Central African koom pheej

Cov 1995 cov kevcai tswj tau tshem tawm nyob rau hauv 2003, tom qab ib tug tub rog overthrow. Nyob rau hauv lwm cov kevcai tswj hais tias nyob rau hauv lig 2004, tus thawj tswj hwm yog lub taub hau ntawm lub xeev thiab txwv rau ob nruam tsib-xyoo lub ntsiab lus. Cov kevcai tswj ntxiv accommodates ib tug PM, ib tug ua ke ntawm clergymen, thiab ib tug 105-ib feem National Assembly. Mus ua ke tib neeg yuav xaiv los ntawm tag nrho cov-inclusive suffrage rau tsib-xyoo lub ntsiab lus. Ib tug nyiaj txiag thiab hwv board thiab ib lub xeev pawg neeg ntuas kom cov sib sau ua ke. Nyob rau hauv Lub ib hlis ntuj 2013 ib tug agitator alliance thiab cov koom haum saib xyuas kos npe tso cai rau ib lub hwj chim-sib koom kev kho, tsis tau nyob rau hauv lub peb hlis ntuj lub radicals nyob rau kev tswj thiab tus thawj tswj hwm khiav lub teb chaws. Cov 2004 cov kevcai tswj yog raws cov kab tshem tawm, thiab tsoom fwv cov me nyuam yaus twb tawg mus. Ib tug so lub koom haum twb tau thiab liam ntawm reestablishing thov kom lub teb chaws thiab npaj haiv neeg. Lwm cov kevcai tswj tau dhau los ntawm txoj kev mloog lus nyob rau hauv 2015 thiab pom zoo nyob rau hauv 2016. Lub luv lub koom haum muab lub peev xwm rau ib tug justly xaiv tsoom fwv nyob rau hauv 2016.

Nyob rau hauv lub 2015 cov kevcai tswj, tus thawj tswj hwm yog lub taub hau ntawm lub xeev thiab txwv rau ob successive tsib-xyoo lub ntsiab lus. lub PM, lub taub hau ntawm tsoom fwv, yog xaiv los ntawm tus thawj tswj hwm. Cov kevcai tswj accommodates ib tug bicameral lawmaking lub cev, muaj ntawm lub National Assembly thiab ib tug Senate, txawm lub fact tias lub xeem lub cev twb tsis kom sai ua.

Nyob ze tsoom fwv thiab kev ncaj ncees

Lub teb chaws yog sib cais mus rau hauv 14 prefectures, ob prefectures-economic, thiab ib tug collective. Ib tug dawb ceev tsev hais plaub muaj ntawm tsev hais plaub los rau cuaj-xyoo ntsiab lus uas; nws yuav pab kom cov Supreme Court thiab lub High Tsev Hais Plaub Kev Ncaj Ncees. Muaj zoo li no cov tsev hais plaub ntawm daim ntawv thov, criminal cov tsev hais plaub, ib tug ob peb sab pawg sab laj, thiab ib tug tub rog lub tsev hais plaub. Cov kev cai lij choj lub moj khaum yog inexactly nrhiav tau nyob rau hauv uas ntawm Fabkis, nrog ib co kev cai uas tsev hais plaub raws li tau ua hauj lwm rau cov neeg zej zog (subprefecture) theem.

Nom tswv txoj kev

Independence hnub lub Central African koom pheej
Independence hnub lub Central African koom pheej

Cov Social Evolution Zog ntawm dub Africa (Social Evolution Zog ntawm dub Africa; MESAN), tsim nyob rau hauv 1946 los ntawm Barthelemy Bogart, yog tus thawj tswj tsev kawm ideological pab pawg neeg. Nws yeej tswj ntawm tus thawj xib fwb regional sib sau ua ke nyob rau hauv kev txiav txim siab 1957 thiab yog tus sib sau ua ke ntawm cov thawj tus thawj tswj hwm, David Dacko. Dacko authoritatively abrogated tag nrho cov rooj sib txoos ib sab ntawm MESAN nyob rau hauv Kaum ib hlis 1962, thiab lawv twb tsis tso cai nyob ua ib ke dua kom txog rau thaum 1991. Lub Liberation Movement ntawm lub Central African neeg (Zog rau lub Liberation ntawm lub Central neeg; MLPC) thiab lub Central African koom pheej ywj Rally (Central African koom pheej ywj Rally) tau framed nyob rau hauv lub xyoo. Los ntawm tus taw tes rau pem hauv ntej heev heev txawv gatherings tau zoo li tus, nrog rau cov teb chaws Union rau kev cai ywj pheej thiab kev kawm (National Union rau kev cai ywj pheej thiab kev kawm; UNDP), lub Central African Union rau rov (Central African Union rau rov; URCA), thiab lub teb chaws sib, Txwv tsis pub hu ua Nyob rau Thiab Nyob (“Ua hauj lwm, tsuas yog ua hauj lwm”; knk).

Nyob rau hauv kev phem ntawm lub fact tias lub teb chaws tus tseeb constitutions tau accommodated ntau suffrage, nyob rau hauv nruab nrab xyoo pua 21st cia li nyob ib ncig ntawm ib feem kaum ntawm cov neeg los ntawm lub National Assembly nyob poj niam. Nyob rau hauv txhua rooj plaub, Elizabeth Domitien, ib tug vam meej businessperson, loj mus rau kab sub-Saharan Africa tus thawj poj niam thawj thaum nws tau xaiv rau qhov teeb meem no los ntawm Jean-Bédel Bokassa nyob rau hauv 1975.

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